Nausea and Vomiting of Pregnancy: Multiple Contributing Factors


  • Sri Wahyuni Doctoral Program of Medicine and Health Sciences, Faculty of Medicine, University of Diponegoro, Semarang, Central Java, Indonesia
  • Noor Pramono Faculty of Medicine, University of Diponegoro, Semarang, Central Java, Indonesia
  • Suharyo Hadisaputro Faculty of Medicine, University of Diponegoro, Semarang, Central Java, Indonesia
  • Annastasia Ediati Faculty of Psychology, University of Diponegoro, Semarang, Central Java, Indonesia



NVP, Risk factor, first trimester


Nausea and vomiting are common conditions in earlier pregnancy. Some studies have suggested that nausea and vomiting during pregnancy (NVP) is caused by multiple factors, however, few studies assessed family support and psychological factors. The present study aimed to assess the prevalence of NVP and its contributing factors. A cross-sectional study was conducted in five Primary Health Centers in Semarang during August 2023. A total of 99 eligible pregnant women were included. A logistic regression was used to determine the significant contributing factors of NVP. The prevalence of moderate to severe and mild NVP was 71.7% and 28.3% respectively. Bivariate analysis indicated that gestational age and anxiety level significantly influence NVP (p-value <0.05). Women with greater gestational age (OR= 2.462; 0.954-6.356) and mild anxiety (OR=3.337; 1.240-8.982) were more likely to experience NVP during their pregnancy. Gestational of 12 weeks and mild anxiety are strongly associated with NVP. These findings highlight the crucial of psychological factors despite other health-related conditions.


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How to Cite

Wahyuni, S., Pramono, N., Hadisaputro, S., & Ediati, A. (2023). Nausea and Vomiting of Pregnancy: Multiple Contributing Factors. JURNAL INFO KESEHATAN, 21(4), 681–688.



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