The Effect of Curfew Enforcement on Health Care Provision in COVID-19 Pandemic

  • Ensar Durmuş Emergency Department of Sakarya University Training and Research Hospital, Sakarya
  • Fatih Guneysu Emergency Department of Sakarya University Training and Research Hospital, Sakarya
Keywords: COVID-19, Curfew, Pandemic


The COVID-19 disease occurred in the final weeks of 2019. As part of the fight against COVID-19, countries have taken actions such as travel restrictions, suspension of border crossings and international flights, voluntary home isolation, public activities restriction, and curfews. The objective of this study is to identify the effect of curfew enforcement during the COVID-19 pandemic to determine and identify whether curfew has a positive effect on the health care workload. The number of patients admitted to Sakarya University Training and Research Hospital, their means of arrival, hospitalization-discharge, demographic characteristics were examined retrospectively for the period of curfew in April and May 2020 and the corresponding days in 2019. The significant statistical differences between the two periods were analyzed. The results of this research reveal that24.488 patients were admitted to our emergency department. Of these patients, 12813 (52.3%) were male, 11675 (47.7%) were female. The number of emergency department admissions of the pediatric age group decreased from 1822 (8.9%) to 33 patients (0.8%). Moreover, the number of patients admitted to the emergency service in the related period of 2019 was 20548 (83.9%), while this figure decreased to 3940 individuals (16.1%) during the curfew period. It was impliedthat curfew could reduce the unnecessary admissions to hospitals, the number of ambulance usage, and provide a positive contribution to the reduction in traumas, car accidents, work accidents, and forensic cases during pandemic.


Download data is not yet available.


Camitz, M., & Liljeros, F. (2006). The effect of travel restrictions on the spread of a moderately contagious disease. BMC medicine, 4(32). doi:

European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control. (2020). Cluster of pneumonia cases caused by a novel coronavirus, Wuhan, China. ECDC: Stockholm. Retrieved from:

Grossman, E. R., & Miller, N. A. (2015). A systematic review of the impact of juvenile curfew laws on public health and justice outcomes. American journal of preventive medicine, 49(6), 945-951.doi:

Huang, C., Wang, Y., Li, X., Ren, L., Zhao, J., Hu, Y., ... & Cheng, Z. (2020). Clinical features of patients infected with 2019 novel coronavirus in Wuhan, China. The lancet, 395(10223), 497-506. doi:

Khosrawipour, V., Lau, H., Khosrawipour, T., Kocbach, P., Ichii, H., Bania, J., & Mikolajczyk, A. (2020). Failure in initial stage containment of global COVID‐19 epicenters. Journal of Medical Virology, 92, 863-867. doi:

Li, Y., & Xia, L. (2020). Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19): role of chest CT in diagnosis and management. American Journal of Roentgenology, 214(6), 1280-1286. doi:https://doi,org/10.2214/AJR.20.22954

Melnick, E. R., Szlezak, C. M., Bentley, S. K., Dziura, J. D., Kotlyar, S., & Post, L. A. (2012). CT overuse for mild traumatic brain injury. The Joint Commission Journal on Quality and Patient Safety, 38(11), 483-489. doi:

Musey, P. I., Lee, J. A., Hall, C. A., & Kline, J. A. (2018). Anxiety about anxiety: a survey of emergency department provider beliefs and practices regarding anxiety-associated low risk chest pain. BMC emergency medicine, 18(10). doi:

Rodriguez-Morales, A. J., Cardona-Ospina, J. A., Gutiérrez-Ocampo, E., Villamizar-Peña, R., Holguin-Rivera, Y., Escalera-Antezana, J. P., ... & Paniz-Mondolfi, A. (2020). Clinical, laboratory and imaging features of COVID-19: A systematic review and meta-analysis. Travel medicine and infectious disease, 34 (101623). doi:

Shatz, D. V., Zhang, C., & McGrath, M. (1999). Effect of a curfew law on juvenile trauma. Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery, 47(6), 1013.

Usher, K., Bhullar, N., & Jackson, D. (2020). Life in the pandemic: Social isolation and mental health. Journal of Clinical Nursing. 29, 2756-2757. doi:

Wang, C., Pan, R., Wan, X., Tan, Y., Xu, L., Ho, C. S., & Ho, R. C. (2020). Immediate psychological responses and associated factors during the initial stage of the 2019 coronavirus disease (COVID-19) epidemic among the general population in China. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 17(5), 1729. doi:

World Health Organization. (2020). WHO Announces COVID-19 Outbreak a Pandemic. Geneva: World Heath Organization. Retrieved from:

World Health Organization. (2020). A Guide to WHO’S Guidance on COVID-19. Geneva: World Heath Organization. Retrieved from:

World Health Organization. (2020).Mental Health and Psychosocial Considerations During The COVID-19 Outbreak. Geneva: World Health Organization. Retrieved from:

World Health Organization. (2020). Pneumonia of unknown cause – China. Geneva: World Health Organization. Retrieved from:

How to Cite
Durmuş, E., & Guneysu, F. (2020). The Effect of Curfew Enforcement on Health Care Provision in COVID-19 Pandemic. JURNAL INFO KESEHATAN, 18(2), 182-188.
Abstract viewed = 304 times
pdf downloaded = 103 times