Efektivitas Pemberian Terapi Akupuntur dalam Mengatasi Nyeri Haid Primer pada Mahasiswi Keperawatan


  • Ida Ayu Suptika Strisanti Sarjana Terapan Akupuntur dan Pengobatan Herbal, Institut Teknologi dan Kesehatan (ITEKES) Bali, Indonesia
  • Ida Ayu Anom Rastiti Sarjana Terapan Akupuntur dan Pengobatan Herbal, Institut Teknologi dan Kesehatan (ITEKES) Bali, Indonesia
  • Ni Wayan Kesari Dharmapatni Sarjana Keperawatan, Institut Teknologi dan Kesehatan (ITEKES) Bali, Indonesia




Acupuncture, menstrual pain, nursing, student


Background: Menstrual pain or dysmenorrhea is characterized by pain in the uterus or lower abdomen during menstruation. Acupuncture, as a complementary and alternative medicine method, has been widely used to treat various health problems related to gynecological problems. This study aimed to determine the effectiveness of acupuncture therapy in reducing menstrual pain scale. Method: This study used One group pre-post-test research design. The research sample was 20 nursing students at ITEKES Bali level II. The data were collected using an observation sheet with a Comparative Pain Scale containing a pain scale of 0-10. Results: In the pretest, there were two responses (10%) with menstrual pain on a scale of 7, 3 respondents (13%) on a scale of 5, and 1 respondent (5%) on a scale of 6 and 2 respondents (10%) with a pain scale of 2. After the intervention in the form of acupuncture, the results obtained were seven respondents (35%) with a pain scale of 0, 10 respondents (50%) with a pain scale of 1, and 2 respondents (10%) with a pain scale of 3. The results of the Wilcoxon test showed an Md value = 3.50 in the pre-intervention decreased significantly to Md=1.00 at the post-intervention with p value 0.012 with r= 0.60 and Z= 3.975. Conclusion: This study shows that acupuncture effectively reduces the pain scale in female students who experience menstrual pain.


Download data is not yet available.


Ariyanti, K. S., Sariyani, M. D., & Pemayun, C. I. M. (2020). Kepercayaan Masyarakat terhadap Pengobatan Komplementer Akupuntur di Praktik Perawat Mandiri Latu Husada. Jurnal Ilmu Kesehatan MAKIA, 10(2), 107–116.

Aziato, L., Dedey, F. (2014). Dysmenorrhea Management and Coping Among Students in Ghana: A Qualitative Exploration. Journal of Pediatric and Adolescent Gynecology. 10.1016/j.jpag.2014.07.002

Cheung, K.Y. (2017). The Cultural Fabric of Chinese Medicine. China: The Commercial Press

French, L. (2005). Dysmenorrhea. American Family Physician, 71(2), 285–291. https://www.aafp.org/dam/brand/aafp/pubs/afp/issues/2005/0115/p285.pdf

Islamy, A., & Farida. (2019). Faktor-faktor yang Mempengaruhi Siklus Menstruasi pada Remaja Putri Tingkat III. Jurnal Keperawatan Jiwa, 7(1), 13–18.

Itani, R., Soubra, L., Karout, S., Rahme, D., Karout, L., Khojah, H.M. (2022). Primary Dysmenorrhea: Pathophysiology, Diagnosis and Treatment Updates. Korean Journal of Family Medicine. 43(2): 101-108 https://doi.org/10.4082/kjfm.21.0103

Karim, H. (2020). Penyebab, Gejala, dan Penanganan Dysmenorrhea pada Menarche.

Karout, S., Soubra, L., Rahme, D., Karout, L., Khojah, H., Itani, R. (2021). Prevalence, Risk Factors, and Management Practices of Primary Dysmenorrhea among Young Female. BMC Women's Health. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12905-021-01532-w

Kulkarni, A., & Deb, S. (2019). Dysmenorrhoea. Obstetrics, Gynaecology and Reproductive Medicine, 29(10), 286–291. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ogrm.2019.06.002

Larasati, T., & Alatas, F. (2016). Dismenore Primer dan Faktor Risiko Dismenore Primer pada Remaja. Majority, 5(3), 79–84.

Latifah, U., Prastwi, R. S., & Andari, I. D. (2020). Reducing Dysmenorrhea Using Accupressure on Teenage Girl at Pratama Clinic of Harapan Bersama Tegal. Jurnal Kebidanan, 10(1). https://ejournal.poltekkes-smg.ac.id/ojs/index.php/jurkeb/article/view/5294/0

Novitasari, E., Soemanto, R. B., & Prasetya, H. (2020). Effect of Acupuncture Therapy on Pain Reduction in Dysmenorrhea Patients: A Meta-analysis. Journal of Maternal and Child Health, 05(06), 705–714.

Omidvar, S., Bakouei, F., Amiri, F.N., Begum, K. (2016). Primary Dismenorrhea and Menstrual Symptoms in Indian Female Students: Prevalence, Impact and Management. Global Jurnal of Health Science. 8 (8), 10.5539/gjhs.v8n8p135

Ridwan, M., & Herlina. (2015). Metode Akupresur untuk Meredakan Nyeri Haid. Jurnal Kesehatan Metro Sai Wawai, VIII(1), 51–56.

Smith, C.A., Crowther., Petrucco, O., Beilby, J., Dent, H. (2011). Acupuncture to Treat Primary Dysmenorrhea in Women: A Randomized Controlled Trial. Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine. 10.1093/ecam/nep239

Shaviv, H., Rosen, D.J., Ezra, Y. (2018). Dysmenorrhea: A Randomized Controlled Clinical Trial Evaluating a Novel Treatment Approach. Journal of Scientific & Technical Research. 10.26717/BJSTR.2018.02.000706

Shetty, G. B., Shetty, B., & Mooventhan, A. (2018). Efficacy of Acupuncture in the Management of Primary Dysmenorrhea: A Randomized Controlled Trial. Journal of Acupuncture and Meridian Studies, 11(4), 153–158. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jams.2018.04.001

Sukini, T., Lestari, T. W., & Mundarti. (2011). Akupresur dan Pengurangan Nyeri Haid (dismenore primer). https://media.neliti.com/media/publications/139667-ID-none.pdf

Udayar, S.E., Jeergiyal, D.P., Kruthika, K. (2022). Prevalence and Predictors of Dysmenorrhea and its Impact on Quality of Life among Tribal Adolescent Girls in India. Unnes Journal of Public Health. 11 (1). https://doi.org/10.15294 /ujph.v11i1.45965

Woo, H. L., Ji, H. R., Pak, Y. K., Lee, H., Heo, S. J., Lee, J. M., & Park, K. S. (2018). The Efficacy and Safety of Acupuncture in Women with Primary Dysmenorrhea: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis. Medicine, 97(23). https://doi.org/http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/MD.0000000000011007

Xu, Y., Zhao, W., Li, T., Bu, H., Zhao, Z., Zhao, Ye., Song, S. (2017). Effects of Acupoint-stimulation for the Treatment of Primary Dysmenorrhoea Compared with NSAIDs: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis of 19 RCTs. BMC Complementary Medicine and Therapies. 10.1186/s12906-017-1924-8




How to Cite

Strisanti, I. A. S. ., Rastiti, I. A. A., & Dharmapatni, N. W. K. . (2022). Efektivitas Pemberian Terapi Akupuntur dalam Mengatasi Nyeri Haid Primer pada Mahasiswi Keperawatan. JKP (Jurnal Kesehatan Primer), 7(2), 80–90. https://doi.org/10.31965/jkp.v7i2.917
Abstract viewed = 431 times