Nursing Competencies in Ambulance Needs at Prehospital: A Scoping Review


  • I Wayan Edi Sanjana Faculty of Health, Institute of Technology and Health Bali, Denpasar, Bali, Indonesia
  • Ni Made Ayu Sukma Widyandari Faculty of Health, Institute of Technology and Health Bintang Persada, Denpasar, Bali, Indonesia
  • Ni Luh Putu Inca Buntari Agustini Faculty of Health, Institute of Technology and Health Bali, Denpasar, Bali, Indonesia



Prehospital, Ambulance, Nurse, Competencies


Prehospital care has historically provided medical care with the aim of saving lives and preventing disability. Prehospital services that are accommodated by ambulances have complex and unpredictable care arrangements, so ambulance personnel, namely nurses, must prepare themselves to deal with all situations and conditions. This study aims to describe the competencies possessed by nurses while on duty in prehospital ambulances. This research is a literature study from several databases, and we obtained 20 articles for analysis. The results of the article analysis show that nurses who work in prehospital ambulances must have the competence to be able to save patients' lives, which is formed from knowledge, attitudes, and skills. Knowledge that must be possessed by ambulance nurses includes assessment, triage, and situation analysis. The positive attitudes of ambulance nurses include decision-making, communication, collaboration, caring, ethics, and culture. The skills possessed by ambulance nurses are BHD, intubation, examination of vital signs, interpretation of supporting examinations, and drug management. Ambulance nurses can improve their emergency care competencies through continuous education and training.


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How to Cite

Sanjana, I. W. E., Widyandari, N. M. A. S., & Agustini, N. L. P. I. B. (2023). Nursing Competencies in Ambulance Needs at Prehospital: A Scoping Review . JURNAL INFO KESEHATAN, 21(2), 212–225.

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