Knowledge as a Factor Associated with Lifestyle in Controlling Hypertension

Authors

  • Pramita Iriana Department of Nursing, Politeknik Kesehatan Kementerian Kesehatan Jakarta III, Bekasi City, West Java, Indonesia
  • Nelly Yardes Department of Nursing, Politeknik Kesehatan Kementerian Kesehatan Jakarta III, Bekasi City, West Java, Indonesia
  • Ace Sudrajat Department of Nursing, Politeknik Kesehatan Kementerian Kesehatan Jakarta III, Bekasi City, West Java, Indonesia
  • Munifah Syamara Mahanani Department of Nursing, Politeknik Kesehatan Kementerian Kesehatan Jakarta III, Bekasi City, West Java, Indonesia
  • Paulus Hotmatua Malau Clinical Nurse Consultant at Royal Prince Alfred Hospital, Missenden Road, Camperdown, New South Wales 2050, Australia

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.31965/infokes.Vol20.Iss2.930

Keywords:

Hypertension, Knowledge Level, Lifestyle

Abstract

Hypertension is also understood as the "silent killer" as the symptoms of hypertension are frequently not experienced by the sufferer, hence, the majority of hypertension patients are unaware that they suffer from hypertension. Uncontrolled hypertension can harm multiple organs. Hypertension cannot be cured; however, it can be managed such that blood pressure stays within normal limits. Changes in lifestyle and pharmacological therapy are employed to control hypertension. The objective of this study is to investigate the association between hypertension patients' characteristics and amount of awareness about lifestyle in controlling hypertension. A descriptive analytic design with a cross sectional approach was administered in this investigation. This study included all hypertension patients who visited the Cibubur Village Health Center. Purposive sampling was utilized in this study, yielding 115 respondents. The analysis technique involved the Chi-Square test. Results: There was a relationship between age and lifestyle (p=0.044), the last education and lifestyle (p = 0.017), and the level of knowledge with lifestyle (p=0.000). Meanwhile, gender, occupation, and family history of hypertension did not possess a significant relationship with lifestyle in controlling hypertension. Future studies are suggested to examine the role of external environmental support in influencing lifestyle to control hypertension.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Abu, H., Aboumatar, H., Carson, K. A., Goldberg, R., & Cooper, L. A. (2018). Hypertension knowledge, heart healthy lifestyle practices and medication adherence among adults with hypertension. European journal for person centered healthcare, 6(1), 108-114. http://doi.org/10.5750/ejpch.v6i1.1416 DOI: https://doi.org/10.5750/ejpch.v6i1.1416

Aburto, N. J., Hanson, S., Gutierrez, H., Hooper, L., Elliott, P., & Cappuccio, F. P. (2013). Effect of increased potassium intake on cardiovascular risk factors and disease: systematic review and meta-analyses. BMJ, 346 (f1378), 1-19. https://doi.org/10.1136/bmj.f1378 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1136/bmj.f1378

Akbarpour, S., Khalili, D., Zeraati, H., Mansournia, M. A., Ramezankhani, A., & Fotouhi, A. (2018). Healthy lifestyle behaviors and control of hypertension among adult hypertensive patients. Scientific reports, 8(8508), 1-9. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-018-26823-5 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-018-26823-5

Baradaran, A., Nasri, H., & Rafieian-Kopaei, M. (2014). Oxidative stress and hypertension: Possibility of hypertension therapy with antioxidants. Journal of Research in Medical Sciences, 19(4), 358-367. Retrieved from https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4115353/

Bell, K., Twiggs, J., Olin, B. R., & Date, I. R. (2015). Hypertension: the silent killer: updated JNC-8 guideline recommendations. Alabama Pharmacy Association.

Darnindro, N., & Sarwono, J. (2017). Prevalensi ketidakpatuhan kunjungan kontrol pada pasien hipertensi yang berobat di rumah sakit rujukan primer dan faktor-faktor yang memengaruhi. Jurnal Penyakit Dalam Indonesia, 4(3), 123–127. DOI: https://doi.org/10.7454/jpdi.v4i3.138

Ekaningrum, A. Y. (2021). Hubungan Asupan Natrium, Lemak, Gangguan Mental Emosional, Dan Gaya Hidup Dengan Hipertensi Pada Dewasa Di Dki Jakarta. Journal of Nutrition College, 10(2), 82–92. https://doi.org/10.14710/jnc.v10i2.30435 DOI: https://doi.org/10.14710/jnc.v10i2.30435

Emiliana, N., Fauziah, M., Hasanah, I., & Fadlilah, D. R. (2021). Analisis Kepatuhan Kontrol Berobat Pasien Hipertensi Rawat Jalan Pada Pengunjung Puskesmas Pisangan Tahun 2019. AN-NUR: Jurnal Kajian Dan Pengembangan Kesehatan Masyarakat, 1(2), 119–132.

Erkoc, S. B., Isikli, B., Metintas, S., & Kalyoncu, C. (2012). Hypertension Knowledge-Level Scale (HK-LS): a study on development, validity and reliability. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 9(3), 1018–1029. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph9031018 DOI: https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph9031018

Herawati, L. (2020). Hubungan Tingkat Pengetahuan Pasien Hipertensi Dengan Upaya Pengendalian Hipertensi Di UPTD Puskesmas Pembantu Berngam Binjai. Jurnal Maternitas Kebidanan, 5(1), 7-13. https://doi.org/10.34012/jumkep.v5i1.912 DOI: https://doi.org/10.34012/jumkep.v5i1.912

Indriani, S., Fitri, A. D., Septiani, D., Mardiana, D., Didan, R., Amalia, R., ... & Permitasari, K. (2021). Pengetahuan, Sikap, dan Perilaku Lansia dengan Riwayat Hipertensi Mengenai Faktor yang Mempengaruhi Hipertensi. Jurnal Pengabdian Kesehatan Masyarakat (Pengmaskesmas), 1(2), 39-50. Retrieved from https://journal.fkm.ui.ac.id/pengmas/article/view/5754

Kementerian Kesehatan Republik Indonesia. (2018). Hasil utama riskesdas 2018. Jakarta: Kementerian Kesehatan Republik Indonesia.

Kementerian Kesehatan Republik Indonesia. (2019). Hipertensi Si Pembunuh Senyap. Kementerian Kesehatan Republik Indonesia.

Masi, G. M., & Silolonga, W. (2018). Hubungan peran perawat sebagai edukator dengan kepatuhan penatalaksanaan hipertensi di Puskesmas Tahuna Timur. e-Journal Keperawatan (e-Kp), 6(1), 1-8.

Musliana, & Meutia, N. (2022). Hubungan Faktor-Faktor Gaya Hidup Dengan Tekanan Darah pada Penderita Hipertensi. Ibnu Sina: Jurnal Kedokteran dan Kesehatan-Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Islam Sumatera Utara, 21(1), 83-90. Retrieved from https://jurnal.fk.uisu.ac.id/index.php/ibnusina/article/view/215

Murray, J., Craigs, C. L., Hill, K. M., Honey, S., & House, A. (2012). A systematic review of patient reported factors associated with uptake and completion of cardiovascular lifestyle behaviour change. BMC Cardiovascular Disorders, 12(120), 1–12. https://doi.org/10.1186/1471-2261-12-120 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1186/1471-2261-12-120

Nelson, J. M., Cook, P. F., & Ingram, J. C. (2014). Utility of the theory of planned behavior to predict nursing staff blood pressure monitoring behaviours. Journal of Clinical Nursing, 23(3–4), 461–470. https://doi.org/10.1111/jocn.12183 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1111/jocn.12183

Notoatmodjo. (2012). Promosi Kesehatan dan Perilaku Kesehatan. Jakarta: Rineka Cipta.

Novian, A. (2014). Faktor Yang Berhubungan Dengan Kepatuhan Diit Pasien Hipertensi (Studi Pada Pasien Rawat Jalan Di Rumah Sakitislam Sultan Agung Semarang Tahun 2013). Unnes Journal of Public Health, 3(3), 1-9. Retrieved from https://journal.unnes.ac.id/sju/index.php/ujph/article/view/3536

Nurhidayati, I., Aniswari, A. Y., Sulistyowati, A. D., & Sutaryono, S. (2018). Penderita hipertensi dewasa lebih patuh daripada lansia dalam minum obat penurun tekanan darah. Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat Indonesia, 13(2), 1–5. Retrieved from https://jurnal.unimus.ac.id/index.php/jkmi/article/view/5073

Pratiwi, W., & Harfiani, E. (2020). Faktor-faktor yang berhubungan dengan kepatuhan dalam menjalani pengobatan pada penderita hipertensi di Klinik Pratama GKI Jabar Jakarta Pusat. Seminar Nasional Riset Kedokteran, 1(1), 27-40. Retrieved from https://conference.upnvj.ac.id/index.php/sensorik/article/view/430

Qodir, A. (2020). Analisis Faktor Determinan yang berhubungan dengan Kepatuhan Rekomendasi Modifikasi Gaya Hidup Pasien Hipertensi. Jurnal Ners dan Kebidanan (Journal of Ners and Midwifery), 7(2), 256–263. https://doi.org/10.26699/jnk.v7i2.ART.p256-263 DOI: https://doi.org/10.26699/jnk.v7i2.ART.p256-263

Rasajati, Q. P., Raharjo, B. B., & Ningrum, D. N. A. (2015). Faktor-faktor yang berhubungan dengan kepatuhan pengobatan pada penderita hipertensi di wilayah kerja puskesmas kedungmundu kota semarang. Unnes Journal of Public Health, 4(3), 16-23. Retrieved from https://journal.unnes.ac.id/sju/index.php/ujph/article/view/6339

Saraswaty, D., Abdurrahmat, A. S., & Novianti, S. (2018). Hubungan Dukungan Sosial Keluarga Dan Pengetahuan Dengan Perilaku Pengendalian Hipertensi Di Wilayah Kerja Puskesmas Karangnunggal Kabupaten Tasikmalaya. Journal Health & Science: Gorontalo Journal Health and Science Community, 2(2), 283–295. https://doi.org/10.35971/gojhes.v2i2.5272 DOI: https://doi.org/10.35971/gojhes.v2i2.5272

Sumah, D. F. (2019). Efektivitas Pendidikan Kesehatan dan Senam Hipertensi Terhadap Perubahan Tekanan Darah dan Pengetahuan Pasien Hipertensi di Puskesmas Kecamatan Nusaniwe Ambon. Global Health Science, 4(2), 71–79. Retrieved from http://jurnal.csdforum.com/index.php/GHS/article/view/ghs4206 DOI: https://doi.org/10.31227/osf.io/n7852

Sunarti, N., & Patimah, I. (2019). Hubungan Tingkat Pengetahuan Dengan Upaya Pengendalian Tekanan Darah Pada Penderita Hipertensi Di Wilayah Kerja Puskesmas Karangmulya Kecamatan Karangpawitan Kabupaten Garut: Hubungan Tingkat Pengetahuan Dengan Upaya Pengendalian Tekanan Darah Pada Penderita Hipertensi Di Wilayah Kerja Puskesmas Karangmulya Kecamatan Karangpawitan Kabupaten Garut. Journal of Midwifery and Nursing, 1(3), 7–11. Retrieved from https://iocscience.org/ejournal/index.php/JMN/article/view/241

Unger, T., Borghi, C., Charchar, F., Khan, N. A., Poulter, N. R., Prabhakaran, D., Ramirez, A., Schlaich, M., Stergiou, G. S., & Tomaszewski, M. (2020). 2020 International Society of Hypertension global hypertension practice guidelines. Hypertension, 75(6), 1334–1357. https://doi.org/10.1161/HYPERTENSIONAHA.120.15026 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1161/HYPERTENSIONAHA.120.15026

Wahyuni, W., & Susilowati, T. (2018). Hubungan Pengetahuan, Pola Makan Dan Jenis Kelamin Terhadap Kejadian Hipertensi Di Kalurahan Sambung Macan Sragen. Gaster, 16(1), 73–82. https://doi.org/10.30787/gaster.v16i1.243 DOI: https://doi.org/10.30787/gaster.v16i1.243

World Health Organization. (2014). Global status report on noncommunicable diseases 2014. World Health Organization. Retrieved from https://apps.who.int/iris/handle/10665/148114

Yang, M. H., Kang, S. Y., Lee, J. A., Kim, Y. S., Sung, E. J., Lee, K. Y., ... & Lee, S. Y. (2017). The effect of lifestyle changes on blood pressure control among hypertensive patients. Korean journal of family medicine, 38(4), 173-180. https://doi.org/10.4082/kjfm.2017.38.4.173 DOI: https://doi.org/10.4082/kjfm.2017.38.4.173

Zaenurrohmah, D. H., & Rachmayanti, R. D. (2017). Hubungan pengetahuan dan riwayat hipertensi dengan tindakan pengendalian tekanan darah pada lansia. Stroke. Jurnal Berkala Epidemiologi, 5(2), 174-184. DOI: https://doi.org/10.20473/jbe.V5I22017.174-184

Downloads

Published

2022-12-25

How to Cite

Iriana, P., Yardes, N. ., Sudrajat, A. ., Mahanani, M. S. ., & Malau, P. H. . (2022). Knowledge as a Factor Associated with Lifestyle in Controlling Hypertension. JURNAL INFO KESEHATAN, 20(2), 183–193. https://doi.org/10.31965/infokes.Vol20.Iss2.930

Issue

Section

Original Research
Abstract viewed = 38 times