Determinants of the Support System and Quality of Life for Post-COVID-19 Patients


  • Irfan Irfan Department of Nursing, Poltekkes Kemenkes Kupang, Kupang City, East Nusa Tenggara, Indonesia
  • Syaputra Artama Department of Nursing Ende, Poltekkes Kemenkes Kupang, Ende, East Nusa Tenggara, Indonesia
  • Aris Wawomeo Department of Nursing Ende, Poltekkes Kemenkes Kupang, Ende, East Nusa Tenggara, Indonesia



Support System, Quality of life, Post COVID-19 Patients


The impact of the COVID-19 pandemic has caused a change in habits for post-COVID-19 patients in Indonesia. Support system, both informal and formal, are very important for the successful treatment and recovery of post-COVID-19 patients. The level of knowledge, attitudes and behavior of the patient's family is also significantly influential on the support system, especially for comorbid patients who undergo a longer recovery process. The objective of this study to determine the determinants of the support system and quality of life in post-COVID-19 patients in Ende Regency. The type of research used is analytic observational using a cross sectional study design. The sampling method used cluster random sampling. The sample used proportional allocation technique with a sample of 110 respondents. The results of the study found that the variables that had a significant relationship with the support system and quality of life of post-COVID-19 patients were the respondent's age (p=0.001), quality of life (p=0.001), family attitudes (p=0.001), family behavior (p=0.001), health status (p=0.001) and the patient's comorbid history (p=0.001), while for family knowledge variables (p=0.051) and (p=0.129), and there is no significant relationship for symptoms when suffering from COVID-19 (p=0.078) and (p=0.717). The conclusion is that the support system provided to people with various determinants when facing the situation after the coronavirus pandemic is very important in improving the physical and psychological dimensions. A good support system can reduce various forms of stress, improve coping mechanisms and improve the quality of life of post-COVID-19 patients.


Download data is not yet available.


Abdillah, L. (2020). Stigma Terhadap Orang Positif COVID-19 (Stigma on Positive People COVID-19). Pandemik COVID-19: Antara Persoalan Dan Refleksi Di Indonesia, Forthcoming. SSRN, 11-24. Available at

Artama, S., & Owa, K. (2022). Korelasi Faktor Demografi Lansia Dengan Kecemasan Kejadian COVID-19 Di Kecamatan Ende Tengah Kabupaten Ende Provinsi Nusa Tenggara Timur. Alauddin Scientific Journal of Nursing, 3(2), 68-77.

Artama, S., Rachmawaty, R., & Sinrang, A. W. (2017). Evaluasi perubahan self care dan quality of life pada pasien Chronic Heart Failure (CHF) yang diberikan health education programme di RSP. Universitas Hasanuddin Makassar. JST Kesehatan, 7(2), 178–184.

Cai, X., Hu, X., Ekumi, I. O., Wang, J., An, Y., Li, Z., & Yuan, B. (2020). Psychological Distress and Its Correlates Among COVID-19 Survivors During Early Convalescence Across Age Groups. American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry, 28(10), 1030–1039.

Cao, W., Fang, Z., Hou, G., Han, M., Xu, X., Dong, J., & Zheng, J. (2020). The psychological impact of the COVID-19 epidemic on college students in China. Psychiatry Research, 287(March), 112934.

DePierro, J., Lowe, S., & Katz, C. (2020). Lessons learned from 9/11: Mental health perspectives on the COVID-19 pandemic. Psychiatry Research, 288(April), 113024.

Djalante, R., Lassa, J., Setiamarga, D., Sudjatma, A., & Indrawan, M. (2020). Review and analysis of current responses to COVID-19 in Indonesia: Period of January to March 2020. Progress in Disaster Science, 6(100091).

El-Zoghby, S. M., Soltan, E. M., & Salama, H. M. (2020). Impact of the COVID-19 Pandemic on Mental Health and Social Support among Adult Egyptians. Journal of Community Health, 45(4), 689–695.

Giebel, C., Pulford, D., Cooper, C., Lord, K., Shenton, J., Cannon, J., Shaw, L., Tetlow, H., Limbert, S., Callaghan, S., Whittington, R., Rogers, C., Komuravelli, A., Rajagopal, M., Eley, R., Downs, M., Reilly, S., Ward, K., Gaughan, A., … Gabbay, M. (2021). COVID-19-related social support service closures and mental well-being in older adults and those affected by dementia: A UK longitudinal survey. BMJ Open, 11(1), 1–8.

Greenhalgh, T., Knight, M., A’Court, C., Buxton, M., & Husain, L. (2020). Management of post-acute covid-19 in primary care. The BMJ, 370.

Hou, T., Zhang, T., Cai, W., Song, X., Chen, A., Deng, G., & Ni, C. (2020). Social support and mental health among health care workers during Coronavirus Disease 2019 outbreak: A moderated mediation model. Plos one, 15(5), e0233831.

Kaligis, F., Indraswari, M. T., & Ismail, R. I. (2020). Stress during COVID-19 pandemic: Mental health condition in Indonesia. Medical Journal of Indonesia, 29(4), 436–441.

Kementerian Kesehatan Republik Indonesia. (2022). Profil Kesehatan Indonesia 2021. Jakarta: Kementerian Kesehatan Republik Indonesia.

Liu, Y., Wang, Z., Ren, J., Tian, Y., Zhou, M., Zhou, T., Ye, K., Zhao, Y., Qiu, Y., & Li, J. (2020). A COVID-19 risk assessment decision support system for general practitioners: Design and development study. Journal of Medical Internet Research, 22(6), 1–15.

Ornell, F., Halpern, S. C., Kessler, F. H. P., & Narvaez, J. C. D. M. (2020). The impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on the mental health of healthcare professionals. Cadernos de saude publica, 36(4), e00063520.

Peprah, P., & Gyasi, R. M. (2021). Stigma and COVID-19 crisis: A wake-up call. International Journal of Health Planning and Management, 36(1), 215–218.

Qi, M., Zhou, S. J., Guo, Z. C., Zhang, L. G., Min, H. J., Li, X. M., & Chen, J. X. (2020). The effect of social support on mental health in Chinese adolescents during the outbreak of COVID-19. Journal of Adolescent Health, 67(4), 514-518.

Qi, M., Li, P., Moyle, W., Weeks, B., & Jones, C. (2020). Physical activity, health-related quality of life, and stress among the Chinese adult population during the COVID-19 pandemic. International journal of environmental research and public health, 17(18), 6494.

Rosyanti, L., & Hadi, I. (2020). Dampak Psikologis dalam Memberikan Perawatan dan Layanan Kesehatan Pasien COVID-19 pada Tenaga Profesional Kesehatan. Health Information : Jurnal Penelitian, 12(1), 107–130.

Serafini, G., Parmigiani, B., Amerio, A., Aguglia, A., Sher, L., & Amore, M. (2020). The psychological impact of COVID-19 on the mental health in the general population. Qjm, 113(8), 229–235.

Singhal, T. (2020). A Review of Coronavirus Disease-2019 (COVID-19). Indian Journal of Pediatrics, 87(4), 281–286.

Szkody, E., Stearns, M., Stanhope, L., & McKinney, C. (2021). Stress-Buffering Role of Social Support during COVID-19. 60(3), 1002–1015. 10.1111/famp.12618

Wenham, C., Smith, J., & Morgan, R. (2020). COVID-19: the gendered impacts of the outbreak. The Lancet, 395(10227), 846–848.

Worldometers. (2021). COVID-19 Coronavirus Pandemic. Worldometer. Retrieved from

Wu, C., Cheng, J., Zou, J., Duan, L., & Campbell, J. E. (2021). Health-related quality of life of hospitalized COVID-19 survivors: An initial exploration in Nanning city, China. Social Science and Medicine, 274, 113748.

Xiao, H., Zhang, Y., Kong, D., Li, S., & Yang, N. (2020). The effects of social support on sleep quality of medical staff treating patients with coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) in January and February 2020 in China. Medical Science Monitor, 26 (e923549-1), 1–8.

Xu, J., Ou, J., Luo, S., Wang, Z., Chang, E., Novak, C., Shen, J., Zheng, S., & Wang, Y. (2020). Perceived Social Support Protects Lonely People Against COVID-19 Anxiety: A Three-Wave Longitudinal Study in China. Frontiers in Psychology, 11(566965), 1–12.

Yang, X., Yang, X., Kumar, P., Cao, B., Ma, X., & Li, T. (2020). Social support and clinical improvement in COVID-19 positive patients in China. Nursing Outlook, 68(6), 830–837.

Yu, H., Li, M., Li, Z., Xiang, W., Yuan, Y., Liu, Y., Li, Z., & Xiong, Z. (2020). Coping style, social support and psychological distress in the general Chinese population in the early stages of the COVID-19 epidemic. BMC Psychiatry, 20(1), 1–11.

Zhao, Y. miao, Shang, Y. min, Song, W. bin, Li, Q. quan, Xie, H., Xu, Q. fu, Jia, J. li, Li, L. ming, Mao, H. li, Zhou, X. man, Luo, H., Gao, Y. feng, & Xu, A. guo. (2020). Follow-up study of the pulmonary function and related physiological characteristics of COVID-19 survivors three months after recovery. EClinicalMedicine, 25, 100463.




How to Cite

Irfan, I., Artama, S., & Wawomeo, A. (2022). Determinants of the Support System and Quality of Life for Post-COVID-19 Patients. JURNAL INFO KESEHATAN, 20(2), 143–153.



Original Articles

Similar Articles

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 > >> 

You may also start an advanced similarity search for this article.