Factors Associated with Early Child Development: A Pre-Screening Study


  • Erwin Setiawan Department of Medical Education, Faculty of Medicine, University of Tanjungpura, Pontianak, West Kalimantan, Indonesia
  • Willy Handoko Department of Physiology, Faculty of Medicine, University of Tanjungpura, Pontianak, West Kalimantan, Indonesia
  • Rini Andriani Department of Pediatrics, Faculty of Medicine, University of Tanjungpura, Pontianak, West Kalimantan, Indonesia




Child Development, Exclusive Breastfeeding, Breastfeeding Duration, Mothers' Knowledge


Early child development is a critical phase for lifelong health, resulting from the influence of various factors. The present study assessed the factors associated with children’s deviant development. This cross-sectional study was conducted on 88 infants aged 6-12 months in six Public Health Centres in East Pontianak, West Kalimantan. Breastfeeding duration at each session, the frequency in a day and the length of breastfeeding in months, mothers’ knowledge, behavior, and the habit of squeezing in children were the risk factors for early development. A chi-square analysis of the relationship between risk factors and children’s development. Overall, the results indicated that shorter breastfeeding duration at each session (p=0.027), non-exclusive breastfeeding (p=0.050), and low mothers’ knowledge (p=0.032) significantly affected children’s development. These results suggested that exclusive breastfeeding and enough knowledge enhance infant development.


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How to Cite

Setiawan, E., Handoko, W., & Andriani, R. (2023). Factors Associated with Early Child Development: A Pre-Screening Study. JURNAL INFO KESEHATAN, 21(3), 419–427. https://doi.org/10.31965/infokes.Vol21.Iss3.1168



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