Stigma Perawat Selama Masa Pandemi Covid 19 Terhadap Kinerja Perawat Di Rumah Sakit Rujukan Covid 19 Se Kota Kupang

Authors

  • Fransiskus Onggang Poltekkes Kemenkes Kupang
  • Agustina Ina Jurusan Keperawatan - Poltekkes Kemenkes Kupang

Keywords:

Covid-19, Stigma, Pandemi Covid-19, Kinerja Perawat

Abstract

Latar Belakang: Selama pandemi Covid-19, profesi yang berisiko tinggi tertular Covid-19 ini dapat memicu adanya ketakutan, kecemasan, tekanan, kelelahan, dan trauma emosional yang berkelanjutan yang diperparah dengan adanya stigma sebagai pembawa penyakit. Hal ini dapat berdampak pada pelayanan keperawatan yang tidak optimal dan penurunan kinerja. Tujuan: penelitian ini adalah untuk mengetahui hubungan stigma perawat selama masa pandemi Covid-19 terhadap kinerja perawat yang bekerja di Rumah Sakit Bhayangkara Drs. Titus Uly, Prof Dr Johanes Kupang dan Rumah Sakit dan Rumah Sakit Umum Daerah S. K. Lerik Kota Kupang. Metode: Penelitian ini dirancang menggunakan penelitian kuantitatif dengan desain Cross Sectional dengan uji statistik Chi Square. Sampel sebanyak 80 orang diambil dengan menggunakan Simple Random Sampling.

Hasil : Berdasarkan hasil penelitian ditemukan sebagian besar perawat (98,5%) memiliki stigma negatif selama masa pandemi Covid-19 dan memiliki kinerja yang baik sebanyak 81,5%. Terdapat hubungan yang signifikan (p value= 0,038) antara stigma perawat selama masa pandemi Covid-19 terhadap kinerja perawat.

Kesimpulan: Penelitian ini dapat menjadi masukan bagi pimpinan Rumah Sakit terkait perhatian kepada perawat dan pengambilan kebijakan peningkatan kinerja yang bebas stigma dan bagi perawat sendiri untuk tetap memiliki koping diri yang kuat agar tidak menimbulkan kecemasan dan tidak mengurangi kinerja dalam pelayanan/pemberian asuhan keperawatan.

 

References

Lee, E. J., Cho, O. Y., Wang, K. H., & Jang, M. J. (2021). Corelation between nurses' posttraumatic stress disorder, depression and social stigma in nursing Covid-19 patients. Journal of East-West Nursing Research, 27(1), 14-21.

Mohammed, S., Peter, E., Killackey, T., & Maciver, J. (2021). The “nurse as hero” discourse in the Covid-19 pandemic: A poststructural discourse analysis. International Journal of Nursing Studies, 117, 103887.

Khattak, S. R., Saeed, I., Rehman, S. U., & Fayaz, M. (2021). Impact of fear of Covid-19 pandemic on the mental health of nurses in Pakistan. Journal of Loss and Trauma, 26(5), 421-435

Bolt, S. R., van der Steen, J. T., Mujezinović, I., Janssen, D. J., Schols, J. M., Zwakhalen, S. M., ... & Meijers, J. M. (2021). Practical nursing recommendations for palliative care for people with dementia living in long-term care facilities during the Covid-19 pandemic: A rapid scoping review. International Journal of Nursing Studies, 113, 103781.

Janeway, D. (2020). The role of psychiatry in treating burnout among nurses during the Covid-19 pandemic. Journal of Radiology Nursing, 39(3), 176-178.

Chew, N. W., Cheong, C., Kong, G., Phua, K., Ngiam, J. N., Tan, B. Y., ... & Sharma, V. K. (2021). An Asia-Pacific study on healthcare workers’ perceptions of, and willingness to receive, the Covid-19 vaccination. International Journal of Infectious Diseases, 106, 52-60.

Galbraith, N., Boyda, D., McFeeters, D., & Hassan, T. (2021). The mental health of doctors during the Covid-19 pandemic. BJPsych bulletin, 45(2), 93-97.

Hong, S., Ai, M., Xu, X., Wang, W., Chen, J., Zhang, Q., ... & Kuang, L. (2021). Immediate psychological impact on nurses working at 42 government-designated hospitals during Covid-19 outbreak in China: A cross-sectional study. Nursing outlook, 69(1), 6-12.

Shorey, S., & Chan, V. (2020). Lessons from past epidemics and pandemics and a way forward for pregnant women, midwives and nurses during Covid-19 and beyond: A meta-synthesis. Midwifery, 90, 102821.

Özden, G., & Parlar Kilic, S. (2021). The effect of social isolation during Covid-19 pandemic on nutrition and exercise behaviors of nursing students. Ecology of Food and Nutrition, 60(6), 663-681.

Cheah, W. L., Wing, C. F., Zahari, A. N., Idris, A. S., Maksul, N. A. A., Yusman, N. A. L., & John, W. (2021). Willingness to treat Covid-19 disease: What do medical & nursing students perceive?. Ethics, Medicine and Public Health, 17, 100651.

Dohrn, J., Ferng, Y. H., Shah, R., Diehl, E., & Frazier, L. (2022). Addressing mental and emotional health concerns experienced by nurses during the Covid-19 pandemic. Nursing outlook, 70(1), 81-88.

Elhadi, M., Msherghi, A., Elgzairi, M., Alhashimi, A., Bouhuwaish, A., Biala, M., ... & Albakoush, A. (2020). Psychological status of healthcare workers during the civil war and Covid-19 pandemic: A cross-sectional study. Journal of psychosomatic research, 137, 110221.

Xu, H., Stjernswärd, S., & Glasdam, S. (2021). Psychosocial experiences of frontline nurses working in hospital-based settings during the Covid-19 pandemic-A qualitative systematic review. International journal of nursing studies advances, 3, 100037.

Dalky, H. F., Hamdan-Mansour, A. M., Amarneh, B. H., AlAzzam RN, M., Yacoub, N. R., Khalifeh, A. H., ... & Alnajar, M. (2020). Social discrimination perception of health-care workers and ordinary people toward individuals with Covid-19. Social Influence, 15(2-4), 65-79.

Dubey, S., Biswas, P., Ghosh, R., Chatterjee, S., Dubey, M. J., Chatterjee, S., ... & Lavie, C. J. (2020). Psychosocial impact of Covid-19. Diabetes & Metabolic Syndrome: Clinical Research & Reviews, 14(5), 779-788.

Zhan, Y. X., Zhao, S. Y., Yuan, J., Liu, H., Liu, Y. F., Gui, L. L., ... & Li, S. Y. (2020). Prevalence and influencing factors on fatigue of first-line nurses combating with Covid-19 in China: a descriptive cross-sectional study. Current medical science, 40(4), 625-635.

Beneria, A., Arnedo, M., Contreras, S., Pérez-Carrasco, M., Garcia-Ruiz, I., Rodríguez-Carballeira, M., ... & Rius, J. B. (2020). Impact of simulation-based teamwork training on Covid-19 distress in healthcare professionals. BMC Medical Education, 20(1), 1-6.

Alameddine, M., Bou-Karroum, K., Ghalayini, W., & Abiad, F. (2021). Resilience of nurses at the epicenter of the Covid-19 pandemic in Lebanon. International journal of nursing sciences, 8(4), 432-438.

Tengilimoğlu, D., Zekioğlu, A., Tosun, N., Işık, O., & Tengilimoğlu, O. (2021). Impacts of Covid-19 pandemic period on depression, anxiety and stress levels of the healthcare employees in Turkey. Legal Medicine, 48, 101811.

Szczerbińska, K. (2020). Could we have done better with Covid-19 in nursing homes?. European geriatric medicine, 11(4), 639-643.

Gómez-Ibáñez, R., Watson, C., Leyva-Moral, J. M., Aguayo-González, M., & Granel, N. (2020). Final-year nursing students called to work: Experiences of a rushed labour insertion during the Covid-19 pandemic. Nurse Education in Practice, 49, 102920.

Kim, S. H., & Park, S. (2021). Influence of learning flow and distance e-learning satisfaction on learning outcomes and the moderated mediation effect of social-evaluative anxiety in nursing college students during the Covid-19 pandemic: A cross-sectional study. Nurse Education in Practice, 56, 103197.

Downloads

Published

2023-04-30

How to Cite

Onggang, F., & Ina, A. (2023). Stigma Perawat Selama Masa Pandemi Covid 19 Terhadap Kinerja Perawat Di Rumah Sakit Rujukan Covid 19 Se Kota Kupang. Flobamora Nursing Journal, 2(2), 90–99. Retrieved from https://jurnal.poltekeskupang.ac.id/index.php/fnj/article/view/1284

Similar Articles

You may also start an advanced similarity search for this article.