Pelatihan Perawatan Demensia terhadap Beban Caregiver Lansia Demensia

  • Ninda Ayu P Prabasari Fakultas Keperawatan, Universitas Katolik Widya Mandala Surabaya
Keywords: Caregiver, Burden, Kualitas hidup, Demensia


Introduction: The Caregiver of elderly with dementia will experience a burden since dementia is collection of symptoms with no specific treatment and its severity occurs progressively. This is causes chronic stress and burden which leads to decrease quality of life and social isolation. The purpose is to review dementia care training for caregiver burden. Method: Issues, methodologies, similarities and differences as basis conducting literature review. Based on 9 studies there were four studies mix methods design, three were true experimental design and two were pre experimental design. The population is all caregivers who care for the elderly with dementia and the sample is part or all of caregiver who experience burden in elderly dementia care. Result: Based on 9 studies found eight describing the success of training which conducted in the form programs both individually, in groups and technology-based programs. On the other hands there is one study shows training is not significantly reduce stress and anxiety of caregivers. Conclusion: The training program carried out will greatly improve caregiver quality of life through reducing stress, reducing burden and level of anxiety in the care of elderly dementia so they could provide a better care for demented elderly.

Pendahuluan: Caregiver dalam perawatan lansia demensia akan mengalami burden (beban) mengingat demensia merupakan kumpulan gejala yang tidak ada pengobatan spesifik dan keparahannya terjadi progesive. Hal ini menimbulkan stres kronik dan burden yang mengarah pada penurunan kualitas hidup dan isolasi sosial. Tujuan literature review adalah mereview tentang pelatihan perawatan demensia terhadap burden Caregiver. Metode: Issue, metodologi, persamaan dan perbedaan penelitian menjadi dasar dalam pelaksanaan literature review. Dari 9 penelitian terdapat empat penelitian menggunakan mix methods design, tiga penelitian true eksperimen design serta dua penelitian pre eksperimen design. Populasinya adalah seluruh caregiver yang merawat lansia dengan demensia dan sampel yang digunakan adalah sebagian maupun semua caregiver lansia demensia yang mengalami beban dalam perawatan lansia demensia. Hasil: Berdasarkan 9 penelitian didapatkan delapan memaparkan keberhasilan pelatihan yang dilakukan terhadap caregiver, pelatihan yang dilaksanakan dalam bentuk program baik secara individu terhadap caregiver, secara berkelompok maupun program berbasis teknologi. Disisi lain terdapat satu penelitian yang menunjukkan pelatihan yang diberikan tidak sinifikan menurunkan stress dan kecemasan caregiver. Kesimpulan: Program pelatihan yang dilakukan akan sangat membantu peningkatan kualitas hidup caregiver yang terwujud melalui penurunan stress, berkurangnya burden dan tingkat kecemasan dalam perawatan lansia demensia sehingga perawatan yang diberikan semakin baik.


Download data is not yet available.


Alzi, 2019. Statistik tentang Demensia, Jakarta:
Barnest, C. J. & Markham, C., 2018 . A pilot study to evaluate the effectiveness of an individualized and cognitive behavioural communication intervention for informal carers of people with dementia: The Talking Sense programme. International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders , 53(3), pp. 615 - 627 .
Camara, S. M. et al., 2019 . Perceived Needs of The Family Caregivers of People with Dementia in a Mediterranean Setting: A Qualitative Study. International Journal of Environment Research and Public Health , 16(993), pp. 1 - 12.
Casanova, J. M. G. et al., 2019. TV-based assistive integrated service to support European adults living with mild dementia or mild cognitive impairment (TV-AssistDem): study protocol for a multicentre randomized controlled tria. BMC Geriatrics , 19(247 ), pp. 1 - 12.
Demir, G., 2018. The Impact of Neuman Systems Model in Reducing the Care Burden on Primary Caregivers of Dementia Patients. International Journal of Caring Sciences , 11(3), pp. 1849 - 1858.
Gillesse, E. G. B., Kollen, B. J., Zuidema, S. U. & Achterberg, W. P., 2018. The “more at home with dementia” program: a randomized controlled study protocol to determine how caregiver training affects the well-being of patients and caregivers. BMC Geriatrics, 18(252), pp. 2 - 8.
Lau, W. M., Chan, T. Y. & Szeto, S. L., 2019. Effectiveness of a home-based missing incident prevention program for community-dwelling elderly patients with dementia. International Psychogeriatrics, 31(1), pp. 91 - 99 .
Park, V. M. T. et al., 2019. Vietnamese American Dementia Caregivers’ Perceptions and Experiences of a Culturally Tailored, Evidence-Based Program to Reduce Stress and Depression. JOURNAL OF GERONTOLOGICAL NURSING , 45(9), pp. 39 - 50.
Paul, C. et al., 2019. Effects of a community intervention program for dementia on mental health: the importance of secondary caregivers in promoting positive aspects and reducing strai. Community Mental Health Journal , Volume 55, pp. 296 - 303.
Pihet, S. & Kipfer, S., 2018. Coping with dementia caregiving: a mixedmethods study on feasibility and benefits of a psycho-educative group progra. BMC Geriatrics, 18(209), pp. 1 - 13 .
Samarin, S., 2018. Dementia-Specific Education in an Assisted Living Facility , United States: Walden University .
Seidel, D. & Thyrian, J. R., 2019. Burden of caring for people with dementia – comparing family caregivers and professional caregivers. A descriptive study. Journal of Multidisciplinary Healthcare, Volume 12, pp. 655 - 663.
Teles, S. et al., 2020. Online training and support program (iSupport) for informal dementia caregivers: protocol for an intervention study in Portuga. BMC Geriatrics , 20(10), pp. 1 - 13 .
WHO, 2019. Dementia. [Online]
Available at: 1
[Accessed 30 Maret 2020].
WHO, 2019. Dementia. [Online]
Available at:
[Accessed 30 Maret 2020].
How to Cite
P Prabasari , N. A. (2020). Pelatihan Perawatan Demensia terhadap Beban Caregiver Lansia Demensia . JURNAL KESEHATAN PRIMER, 5(1), 7-17.
Abstract viewed = 16 times
PDF downloaded = 8 times