JURNAL INFO KESEHATAN http://jurnal.poltekeskupang.ac.id/index.php/infokes <p>Health Information Journal is a periodical issue that contains research articles or research results equivalent to the results of research and thought results in the field of health, is original and has never been published before. Journal of Health Info is expected to be a medium for delivering scientific findings and innovations in the field of dental nursing, medical analysts, pharmaceutical, environmental health, nursing, midwifery and nutrition engaged in the field of hospital services and health centers, as well as health practitioners and other institutions. The Health Information Journal is published 2 times a year (June and November) by the Kupang Polytechnic Health Research and Community Services Unit of the Ministry of Health of Kupang. Health Information Journal is a peer-reviewed journal and open access journal focusing on health sciences. This focus includes areas and scope related to aspects, dental care, pharmaceuticals, health analysts, environmental health, nursing, midwifery, nutrition services and management.</p> Poltekkes Kemenkes Kupang en-US JURNAL INFO KESEHATAN 0216-504X <h2>Copyright notice</h2> <div class="page"> <p><strong>Copyright © 2013-2018 Jurnal Info Kesehatan Limited</strong></p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p><strong>Ownership of copyright<br></strong>The copyright in this website and the material on this website (including without limitation the text, computer code, artwork, photographs, images, music, audio material, video material and audio-visual material on this website) is owned by JURNAL INFO KESEHATAN and its licensors.</p> <p><strong>Copyright license<br></strong>JURNAL INFO KESEHATAN grants to you a worldwide non-exclusive royalty-free revocable license to:</p> <ul> <li class="show">view this website and the material on this website on a computer or mobile device via a web browser;</li> <li class="show">copy and store this website and the material on this website in your web browser cache memory; and</li> <li class="show">print pages from this website for your&nbsp;use.</li> <li class="show">All articles published by JURNAL INFO KESEHATAN are licensed under the&nbsp;<a href="http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/">Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License</a>. This permits anyone to copy, redistribute, remix, transmit and adapt the work provided the original work and source is appropriately cited.</li> </ul> <p>JURNAL INFO KESEHATAN does not grant you any other rights in relation to this website or the material on this website.&nbsp;&nbsp; In other words, all other rights are reserved.</p> <p>For the avoidance of doubt, you must not adapt, edit, change, transform, publish, republish, distribute, redistribute, broadcast, rebroadcast or show or play in public this website or the material on this website (in any form or media) without &nbsp;appropriately and conspicuously citing the original work and source or JURNAL INFO KESEHATAN prior written permission. &nbsp;</p> <p><strong>Permissions<br></strong>You may request permission to use the copyright materials on this website by writing to&nbsp;<a href="mailto:infotaka@poltekeskupang.ac.id">infotaka@poltekeskupang.ac.id</a>.</p> <p><strong>Enforcement of copyright<br></strong>JURNAL INFO KESEHATAN takes the protection of its copyright very seriously.</p> <p>If JURNAL INFO KESEHATAN discovers that you have used its copyright materials in contravention of the license above, JURNAL INFO KESEHATAN may bring legal proceedings against you seeking monetary damages and an injunction to stop you using those materials.&nbsp; You could also be ordered to pay legal costs.</p> <p>If you become aware of any use of JURNAL INFO KESEHATAN copyright materials that contravenes or may contravene the license above, please report this by email to&nbsp;<a href="mailto:infotaka@poltekeskupang.ac.id">infotaka@poltekeskupang.ac.id</a>.</p> <p><strong>Infringing material<br></strong>If you become aware of any material on the website that you believe infringes your or any other person's copyright, please report this by email to&nbsp;<a href="mailto:infotaka@poltekeskupang.ac.id">infotaka@poltekeskupang.ac.id</a>.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> </div> Analisis Faktor Faktor Terhadap Kejadian Filariasis Type Wuchereria Bancrofti, Dan Brugia Malayi Di Wilayah Kabupaten Manggarai Timur Tahun 2016 http://jurnal.poltekeskupang.ac.id/index.php/infokes/article/view/165 <p>Filariasis is a chronic infectious disease caused by filarial worms and transmitted by Mansonia, Anopheles, Culex, Armigeres mosquitoes. Living microfilariae are channeled and lymph nodes and cause inflammation of lymph node channels. This disease is one of the serious public health problems in Indonesia. Almost all regions of Indonesia are filariasis-endemic areas, especially in Eastern Indonesia which has a higher prevalence. The purpose of this study was to determine the factors associated with the incidence of filariasis in Pota District, East Manggarai Regency in 2016. The location of this study was carried out in Pota Subdistrict, East Manggarai Regency, with sampling in 4 villages conducted for approximately 2 months, namely in September to October 2016. This study used a descriptive survey method and finger blood survey to see the description of physical environmental factors and behavior of the head of the family in filariasis disease and type of microfilariae. Independent variables (free), which are included in this variable are environmental factors and behavior of the family head with indications of the physical environment (temperature, humidity, place of breeding of family mosquitoes and mosquito resting places) and the behavior of the head of the family which consists of knowledge and attitudes (knowledge of disease Filariasis: Dependent variable (bound) or variable Y which is expected to experience changes due to the influence of independent variables included in this variable is the incidence of Filariasis Disease. The population in this study were all family heads in Pota District, totaling 4570 populations, with Sampling technique is proportionally 154. Data is processed and analyzed descriptively presented in the form of frequency distribution tables of each independent variable with a 95% confidence level (α = 0.05). The results of this study indicate that the four factors include environment, work, Air humidity, per Night effects significantly have a risk of filariasis transmission (p&gt; 0.05). Of the various species found two types of filariasis species namely Wuchereria Bancrofti and Brugia malayi. The conclusion from the results of this study can be concluded that the incidence of filariasis in Sambi Rampas subdistrict, East Manggarai Regency was caused by environmental factors, occupation, air humidity, human behavior and all blood survey samples found (100%) positive for filariasis Wuchereria Bancrofti and Brugia Malayi.</p> Fransiskus Salesius Onggang ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0/ 2018-06-04 2018-06-04 16 1 1 20 10.31965/infokes.Vol16.Iss1.165 Perbandingan Waktu Erupsi Gigi Susu Incisivus Pertama Pada Bayi Usia Yang Diberi Susu Asi Dan Yang Diberi Susu Fomula http://jurnal.poltekeskupang.ac.id/index.php/infokes/article/view/166 <p>Background: Exclusive breastfeeding coverage in East Nusa Tenggara was 42,8% according to Riskesdas 2013. Most mothers gave formula feeding or partial to their babies accounting for 57,2%. Nutrition is one of the factors that correlate with tooth eruption. A baby gains nutrition through breastfeeding or formula. Formula feeding has low nutrition compared with breastfeeding. Aims: Knowing the eruption comparison of primary central incisors of babies with breastfeeding compared with formula. Method: Observational research was applied to gain the information needs. The samples were divided into two groups: the first group had breastfeeding while the second group with formula. Each group accounted for 30 babies. The research locations were Posyandu of Pasir Panjang and Oebobo’s public health center. Data were analyzed by using Man Whitney test. Results: Average tooth eruptions of babies with breastfeeding and formula accounting for 7 months and 9 months, consecutively. Babies with breastfeeding had primary central incisors eruption two months earlier compared with babies with formula. Man Whitney statistic analyzed indicated there is no significant difference in tooth eruption between babies with breastfeeding and formula. Conclusion: Eruption of Primary central incisors in babies with breastfeeding compare with formula is the same.</p> Ratih Variani ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0/ 2018-06-04 2018-06-04 16 1 21 31 10.31965/infokes.Vol16.Iss1.166 Hubungan Tingkat Kejadian Karies Gigi Dengan Status Gizi Anak Usia 6 -7 Tahun Di SD Inpres Kaniti Kecamatan Kupang Tengah Kabupaten Kupang http://jurnal.poltekeskupang.ac.id/index.php/infokes/article/view/167 <p>Dental caries is a dental and oral health problem for the majority of the Indonesian population. Dental caries affects most children. Caries that occur in children is often not treated or treated, resulting in a toothache. This condition can have an impact on the general health of the child where the frequency of eating will decrease, resulting in disruption of growth and development that will affect the nutritional status of the child. Nutritional problems are caused by many factors that are interrelated both directly and indirectly. Directly affected by infectious diseases and insufficient nutrition in quantity and quality, while indirectly influenced by the range and quality of health services, inadequate parenting, poor sanitation conditions and low food security at the household level. This study aims to determine the relationship between the incidence of dental caries in children with the nutritional status of children aged 6-7 years SDI Kaniti Kabupaten Kupang in 2016. Data collection was carried out by performing dental examinations and measuring height and weight. The incidence rate of dental caries aged 6-7 years old SDI Kaniti Kabupaten Kupang in 2016 was in the high category (30.76%) and very high (37.17%) with an average 3-6 cavities and nutritional status of children aged 6- 7 years SDN Kaniti Kabupaten Kupang in 2016 was categorized as obese (26.92%) and normal (67.94%), so there was no correlation between the incidence of dental caries on the nutritional status of 6-7-year-olds in Kaniti Regency Kupang in 2016 because children who had high and very high caries incidence has fat and normal nutritional status. It is recommended to conduct further research on the factors that influence the high incidence of dental caries in children aged 6-7 years at SDN Kaniti, Kupang Tengah District, Kupang Regency.</p> Ferdinan Fankari ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0/ 2018-06-04 2018-06-04 16 1 32 43 10.31965/infokes.Vol16.Iss1.167 Hubungan Asupan Makanan Berisiko Dan Aktivitas Fisik Dengan Kejadian Diabetes Melitus Tipe II Di Kota Kupang http://jurnal.poltekeskupang.ac.id/index.php/infokes/article/view/168 <p>Diabetes mellitus (DM) is a serious threat to health development and ranked 6th as a cause of death. About 1.3 million people die from diabetes and 4% die before age 70 (Infodatin, 2014). In the province of East Nusa Tenggara, this disease ranks 19th has increased to 3 times compared to 2007. Cases of diabetes mellitus in the city of Kupang vary greatly in each age group wherein 2014 the proportion of the highest cases was at age 65-75 years totaling 780 people (Kupang City Health Profile, 2014). High energy intake from pure carbohydrates will stimulate insulin secretion by pancreatic beta cells as compensation to increase blood sugar levels. At a certain level, compensation efforts will not be able to compensate for insulin resistance so insulin insufficiency will arise with glucose intolerance (Waspadji et al., 2003). Polikandrioti and Dokoutsidou (2009), said obesity and lack of physical activity are also directly closely related to insulin resistance as is the characteristic of type 2 diabetes mellitus. This study was to analyze the relationship between risky food intake and physical activity with the incidence of type 2 diabetes mellitus. observational study with a case-control design. The population is 52,965 people living in the city of Kupang. The total number of samples was 234 people who met the inclusion criteria, consisting of 117 cases of type 2 diabetes and control group of 117 people who did not have type 2 diabetes mellitus taken in 2 stages: the first stage was to determine the cluster of research areas, and second consecutive sampling was taken. The measuring instrument used is the questionnaire International Physical Activity Activity Test (IPAQ), format Food Recall 24 hours and semi Quantitative Food Frequency Questioner (FFQ), Food Model, Waist ruler/tape measure. Data were analyzed using a Chi-Square test to see the relationship between; food intake is at risk with visceral obesity, visceral obesity with type 2 diabetes mellitus, food intake at risk with type 2 diabetes mellitus. To see the relationship between body activity with visceral obesity and body activity with the incidence of type 2 diabetes mellitus using Pearson Chi-Square. The results of an analysis of the bivariate energy intake test for the incidence of type 2 diabetes mellitus, had an OR of 2.543 with 95% CI = 1.4-4.3 and (p-value 0.001). Fat intake for type 2 diabetes mellitus has an OR of 1.530 with 95% CI = 0.9-2.5 and (p-value 0.142). Fiber intake for type 2 diabetes mellitus has OR 0.760 with 95% CI = 0.4-1.2 and (p-value 0.370). Visceral obesity in the incidence of type 2 diabetes mellitus has an OR 2.510 with 95% CI = 1.4-4.2 and (p-value 0.001). Energy intake for the incidence of visceral obesity has OR 28,292 with 95% CI = 13,3-59,8 and (p-value 0,000). Fat intake for the incidence of visceral obesity had OR 23.435 with 95% CI 11.4-47, 8 and (p-value 0.000). Fiber intake on the incidence of visceral obesity has OR 4.959 with 95% CI = 2.7-8.8) and (p-value 0,000). In the case group, the results of statistical tests of activity on visceral obesity found a p-value of 0.246 which means that physical activity was not associated with the incidence of visceral obesity. While the control group statistical test results obtained p-value 0.000 means that there is a relationship between physical activity and the incidence of type 2 diabetes mellitus.</p> Maria Sambriong ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0/ 2018-06-04 2018-06-04 16 1 44 58 10.31965/infokes.Vol16.Iss1.168 Hubungan Kesadaran Individu Dengan Penerapan Patient Safety di Rumah Sakit Umum Daerah S. K. Lerik Kupang http://jurnal.poltekeskupang.ac.id/index.php/infokes/article/view/169 <p>Patient safety (patient safety) is one of the dimensions of quality that is currently the center of attention for healthcare practitioners on a national and international scale. This study aims to determine the factors associated with the application of patient safety in the inpatient room of the S.K Regional General Hospital. Lerik Kupang. This study uses a cross-sectional method with a correlation descriptive design. The population is all nurses in the inpatient unit of the S.K General Hospital. The number of 40 people with physical samples is the total population that meets the inclusion criteria of 34 people. The analysis used is the percentage for univariate and chi-square analysis to see the relationship between individual awareness and the application of patient safety by nurses in the inpatient room of the S.K Regional General Hospital. Lerik Kupang. The results showed that 20 respondents (59%) had poor individual awareness and the remaining 13 (38%) had good individual awareness in applying patient safety, 20 (59%) said that the application of patient safety in inpatient rooms was not good and the remaining 13 (38 %) said that the application of patient safety is good. From the results of chi-square analysis shows that there is a significant relationship between individual awareness with the application of patient safety at the S.K Regional General Hospital. Lerik Kota Kupang with a p-value of 0.003.</p> Kori Limbong ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0/ 2018-06-04 2018-06-04 16 1 59 65 10.31965/infokes.Vol16.Iss1.169 Kandungan Bakteri Escherichia Coli Pada Air Rendaman Tahu Pedagang Kaki Lima Di Pasar Kasih Naikoten 1 Kota Kupang Tahun 2017 http://jurnal.poltekeskupang.ac.id/index.php/infokes/article/view/170 <p>One of the most common contaminants in food is Escherichia coli. These bacteria come from human and animal feces, are infected with food because of the unhygienic behavior of the handler, the washing of unclean equipment, the health of food processors and handlers and the use of washing water containing Escherichia coli. The purpose of this study was to assess the physical quality of tofu soaking raw water, assess the sanitation of tofu soaking containers and calculate the amount of E. coli soaked tofu bacteria in street vendors in the Love Market Naikoten 1 Kota Kupang in 2017. This type of research was descriptive research. with a survey approach with the size of the sample, namely 23 tofu traders in the Pasar Naik Naiken Kota Kupang. The results showed that the physical quality of tofu soaking raw water was 70% fulfilling the requirements, and 30% did not meet the requirements, soaking sanitation containers knew 66% good enough category, 17% good category and 17% poor category, E. coli bacteria content checked 4% eligible categories and 96% categories did not meet the requirements. Conclude that the physical quality of raw tofu soaking water meets the requirements, sanitation of containers used to soak the tofu well enough and the content of E. coli bacteria does not meet the requirements. The advice given is to pay attention to personal hygiene in touching food, hand hygiene and always closing the container at any time.</p> Agustina Agustina Albina Bare Telan Frengki Mboro ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0/ 2018-06-04 2018-06-04 16 1 66 71 10.31965/infokes.Vol16.Iss1.170 Hubungan Antara Motivasi, Dukungan Keluarga Dan Kecemasan Mahasiswa Dalam Menghadapi Ujian Proposal Di Prodi Keperawatan Waingapu http://jurnal.poltekeskupang.ac.id/index.php/infokes/article/view/173 <p><strong>Introduction</strong>: students are vulnerable to anxiety due to various demands, especially in facing the exam of a proposal or a final assignment at a college. The motivation and family support are the factors that affect students' anxiety in facing the exam proposal or final project. The purpose of this study is to know the relationship between motivation and family support with the anxiety of third-grade students in facing the exam proposal in Nursing Program Study of Waingapu. <strong>Methods</strong>: This study was a pre-experimental study with the cross-sectional design. The sample was 44 respondents with a sampling technique using consecutive sampling method. Instruments used in the form of questionnaires and research variables consisted of motivation, family support and anxiety using Spearman's rho analysis technique. <strong>Result</strong>: the research conducted on 44 respondents shows that there is no correlation between motivation (P= 0,254) and family support (P= 0,674) with student level anxiety in facing exams of the proposal of Nursing Program Study of Waingapu. <strong>Conclusion</strong>: The researcher concludes that there is no correlation between motivation and family support with students' anxiety level III in facing the exam proposal in Nursing Program Study of Waingapu.</p> Yosephina Elizabeth Sumartini Gunawan Melkisedek Landi Diane Anthasari ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0/ 2018-06-04 2018-06-04 16 1 72 82 10.31965/infokes.Vol16.Iss1.173 Pengaruh Beberapa Kombinasi Media Tanam Organik Arang Sekam, Pupuk Kandang Kotoran Sapi, Arang Serbuk Sabut Kelapa Dan Tanah Terhadap Pertumbuhan Dan Hasil Tanaman Terung (Solanum Melongena L.) http://jurnal.poltekeskupang.ac.id/index.php/infokes/article/view/174 <p>The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of the combination treatment of several organic growing media such as husk charcoal, manure of cow manure, coarse coir charcoal on the growth and yield of eggplant plants and to find out which combination treatments between planting media can produce the best eggplant. This study was designed with an environmental design in the form of a completely randomized design (CRD) consisting of 8 treatments and 3 replications. The variables observed included plant height, number of leaves and fruit weight. Observation data were analyzed using analysis of variance and Duncan's follow-up test at 5% level. The results of the analysis showed that the combination treatment of organizing media gave a very significant effect on the height increase of eggplant plants at 4 MST, 6 MST, 8 MST and 10 MST, and the number of leaves and a significant effect on the number of fruit. The treatment of the combination of organic planting media that gave the best growth and yields of eggplant was in the P8 treatment with a combination of soil treatment: rice husk charcoal: cow manure: coconut fiber charcoal with a ratio of 1:1:1:1; in P7 treatment with combination soil treatment: cow manure: 1:1:1 coconut husk charcoal; and P3 treatment with a combination of treatments between soil: 1:1 cow manure.</p> Antonus Suban Hali Albina Bare Telan ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2018-06-04 2018-06-04 16 1 83 95 Peningkatan Polymorphonuclear (PMN) Dalam Cairan Nasal Lavage Operator Penggilingan Padi Yang Terpajan Endotoksin Lipopolisakarida (LPS) http://jurnal.poltekeskupang.ac.id/index.php/infokes/article/view/175 <p>Background: Exposure to lipopolysaccharide endotoxin (LPS) in rice dust causes respiratory inflammation which is characterized by an increase in Neutrophils or Polymorphonuclear (PMN) in the nasal lavage fluid of rice milling operators. Objective: The purpose of this study was to analyze the effect of endotoxin LPS on the rice mill operators' PM in the rice level operators. Methods: the design of this study was a longitudinal study. Dust sampling was carried out for 8 hours while nasal lavage samples were carried out before and after work (cross shift). Endotoxin PMN and LPS were analyzed using the ELISA method and LPS Endotoxin was analyzed using LAL. Results: The mean level of LPS endotoxin in rice dust was 56.36 ± 5.83 EU / m3. An increase in post-employment PMN (Pired sample t-test: p = 0.000) in all rice milling operators. LPS endotoxin levels correlated with increased PMN in nasal lavage fluid in rice milling operators (multiple linear regression test: p = 0.000). Conclusion: LPS endotoxin is a factor that influences the increase of PMN levels in nasal lavage fluid which indicates the occurrence of inflammation in rice mill operators. Suggestion: Use a rice milling machine equipped with a dust collector. Health checks are given to the rest of their work. Workers are advised to always use masks while working.</p> William Wilfridus Lamawuran ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2018-06-04 2018-06-04 16 1 96 105 Penyerapan Air Dan Kelarutan Bahan Semen Ionomer Kaca Sebagai Penutup Pit Dan Fisur Gigi http://jurnal.poltekeskupang.ac.id/index.php/infokes/article/view/176 <p>BACKGROUND: Pit and fissure sealants are materials that are often used for preventive maintenance, especially on occlusal surfaces of teeth that are susceptible to caries. All restoration materials that come into contact with water will experience 2 mechanisms, namely the absorption of water, which causes matrix swelling and increased mass and water solubility, namely the release of components from unreacted monomers and causing reduced mass. OBJECTIVE: Measure the value of water absorption and solubility of glass ionomer cement as a cover of the pit and fissure of the tooth. METHODS: 18 specimens of glass ionomer cement sealant material manipulated according to the manufacturer's instructions consisted of six specimens measuring 15 mm in diameter and 1 mm in thickness made for each immersion time. The specimen was put into a desiccator at 37°C for 22 hours and then put into another desiccator with a temperature of 23°C for 2 hours. The specimen was weighed with a precision scale of 0.1 mg. Measurements are carried out repeatedly until a constant mass is obtained (M1). Next, the specimen was put into 40 ml of aquabides and stored in a desiccator at 37°C for 1 day, 2 days and 7 days. At the end of each immersion time, the specimen was removed from aquabides, dried with suction paper and vibrated in the air for 15 seconds. Specimens are weighed to get M2. The specimens were reconditioned to the desiccator at 37°C for 22 hours and then put into another desiccator with a temperature of 23°C for 2 hours and this procedure was repeated one day later, then the mass was weighed repeatedly until a constant mass was obtained (M3). RESEARCH RESULTS: The Kruskal-Wallis statistical test shows that there is no significant difference in the average water absorption value and solubility of materials for immersion for 1 day, 2 days and 7 days. CONCLUSIONS AND RECOMMENDATIONS: The absorption rate of glass ionomer cement as a cover of dental pit &amp; fissure decreased until the second day and increased until the seventh day, with an average absorption of water for 1 day immersion of 42.68mg/mm³, 2 days 40, 53mg/mm³ and 7 days 42.99mg/mm³. Solubility value in water of glass ionomer cement as a cover of dental pit &amp; fissure decreased until the second day then increased until the seventh day, with an average solubility of material for immersion for 1 day at 41.46mg/mm³, 2 days 39.39mg/mm³ and 7 days 41,91mg/mm³. It was said that there was no significant difference in the value of water absorption and solubility of materials during the immersion period of 1, 2 and 7 days. It is recommended that in the application of glass ionomer cement as a cover of dental pits and fissures, please note in the provision of varnish or protector to reduce the occurrence of water absorption and solubility of the material. In addition, the pit and fissure of the tooth that has been covered should be controlled 3 months later to find out if the cover is still intact or has been damaged or loose. It is also recommended that there is further research to determine the value of water absorption and solubility of ingredients if soaked in artificial saliva for more than 7 days.</p> Emma Krisyudhanti ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2018-06-04 2018-06-04 16 1 106 118 Peran Bidan Dalam Menghadapi Budaya Panggang Dan Tatobi Ibu Nifas Pada Suku Timor Di Kecamatan Mollo Tengah Kabupaten Timor Tengah Selatan Tahun 2016 http://jurnal.poltekeskupang.ac.id/index.php/infokes/article/view/177 <p>Background: The culture of the Timorese people in South Central Timor Regency is that mothers are required to give birth at a roundhouse and receive treatment for 40 days by a shaman or someone who is believed to have experience in caring for the mother. Treatment for postpartum mothers is usually in the form of roasting fire and hobbies. This fact will have a bad effect on the mother and baby will burn his body and affect wound healing after childbirth. In addition, due to the lack of a clean home environment because all the activities for maintenance are carried out inside the house, such as cooking and roasting so that the mother and baby are having an ARD. The risk of grilling/sei and tatobi is ARI, anemia, burns and dehydration and burns and fires can occur. Bake is also very risky for the onset of anemia in postpartum mothers due to a large amount of blood coming out of the birth canal due to continuous roasting and blood vessel dilation that causes a lot of bleeding and is difficult to control. Objective: identify the role of midwives in the community in dealing with the culture of roasting and hobbies for Timorese postpartum women in South Central Timor Regency in 2016. Research Methods: a type of descriptive research with a qualitative approach. Research Results: The mother of the Mollo Tengah village community still adheres to the tradition of grilling and tatobi. Baked them do in a roundhouse, trusted by the local community for antidotes to severe pain especially in women after childbirth. Another reason for grilling fire or a hobby is the concern of parents if the child's body condition becomes weak and not strong. Some postpartum mothers experience anemia, babies experience ARI and sunburn. Has an effect on wound healing after childbirth. Basically, midwives have carried out the main duties of midwives in the community as an implementer, manager, and educator. Conclusions: the activities that have been carried out by midwives in the Mollo Tengah sub-district health center are home visits, counseling conducted on maternal and child health targets, and doing cadre refreshing, including asking for help from health cadres and traditional healers to disseminate information about safe roasts by paying attention to the distance between the coals and the mother's bed, and the hobbies using only warm water. In addition, health cadres were also invited to do mapping of targeted data for mothers and children (pregnant women, postpartum mothers, infants, and toddlers) in the community. Activating tabulin and waiting for homes so that the waiting house can function properly.</p> Astin Nur Hanifah ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2018-06-04 2018-06-04 16 1 119 130 Perilaku Dan Status Kebersihan Gigi Dan Mulut Pasca Ceramah Pendidikan Kesehatan Gigi Disertai Diskusi Kelompok Dan Disertai Hands-On http://jurnal.poltekeskupang.ac.id/index.php/infokes/article/view/178 <p>This study aims to determine the differences in the improvement of maternal behavior regarding dental and oral hygiene status and the status of maternal dental and oral hygiene through dental health education lecture methods accompanied by group discussions and lectures with hands-on. The study was conducted on research subjects as many as 95 mothers of children aged 6-8 years who met the inclusion criteria and were divided into two groups. Treatment group I in Benyamin Oebufu PPA IO-497, Kupang City were 53 subjects were given a lecture accompanied by group discussion and group II in Alfa Omega Bakunase 2 PPA IO-495, Kupang City as many as 42 subjects were given lectures with hands-on. The measuring instrument in the study was the questionnaire and the Plaque Index (PI) method. Data analysis using Statistics Program for Social Scince (SPSS) for different tests namely Mann-Whitney test and Wilcoxon Signed Ranks test for abnormal distribution data. The results of the analysis of mean differences between groups in post-test 1 and 2 there were significant behavioral differences in treatment group II higher than in treatment group I (p &lt;0.05), while for dental and oral hygiene status there were no differences in dental hygiene status and mouth between treatment groups I and II. The results of the average analysis of the increase were significant improvements in behavior and dental and oral hygiene status in both treatment groups. The results of delta analysis from pre-test to post-test 1 and pre-test to post-test 2 showed that in the treatment group II the increase in behavior was higher than in the treatment group I (p &lt;0.05), while for dental and oral hygiene status there were no significant differences in dental and oral hygiene status between the two treatment groups (p&gt; 0.05). Dental health education with a lecture method with hands-on further improves the subject's behavior about dental and oral hygiene than the lecture method accompanied by group discussion. Dental health education with lecture methods accompanied by group discussions and lectures accompanied by hands-on both improve dental and oral hygiene status.</p> Agustinus Wali ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2018-06-04 2018-06-04 16 1 131 142 Persalinan Dalam Pandangan Budaya Timor (Atoni) http://jurnal.poltekeskupang.ac.id/index.php/infokes/article/view/180 <p>The utilization of health facilities in the city of Kupang is very low compared to the national target. Timorese in Kupang City still hold fast and practice some cultural practices related to the life cycle which will influence how Timorese view labor. This study aims to describe labor that is viewed by the Timorese culture (Atoni). This study is a phenomenological research with a qualitative approach, the determination of the sample in this study using purposive sampling technique, data collected through in-depth interviews and thematically analyzed. The results of interviews obtained from childbirth according to Timorese culture are important in the life cycle of women, there are several differences between traditional and modern childbirth treatments including concoctions and delivery positions. Conclusion: Timorese people have their own perception of childbirth, especially in the procedures of childbirth assistance (position and potions) and their perception of childbirth.</p> Dewa Ayu Putu Mariana Kencanawati ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2018-06-04 2018-06-04 16 1 143 150 Vaccine Storage Profile in Public Health Centers in Kupang City http://jurnal.poltekeskupang.ac.id/index.php/infokes/article/view/181 <p>Vaccines are the main component in the implementation of immunization, to achieve the maximum goal of immunization, it is necessary to support the management and availability of vaccines in sufficient quantities, quality and on time. All vaccines are biological products that range from easily damaged funds that require special handling in its management, especially storage. Vaccine storage in health service units such as the Public Health Center must be considered carefully. This study aims to determine the profile of vaccine storage at the Oepoi Public Health Center and Kupang City Public Health Center, which were assessed from 2 assessment categories, namely the completeness of the category including the availability of storage temperature monitoring and vaccine condition categories. The type of research used in this study is descriptive research. How to collect data by direct observation and using observation sheets, then the data is processed and then narrated. From the results of this study it was found that the completeness of the facilities included the availability of monitoring of storage temperature and condition of the vaccine at the Oepoi Public Health Center and Kupang City Public Health Center were available or available except in the Oepoi Public Health Center there was no freeze tag or freeze watch and no generator. And the condition of the vaccine at the Kupang City Public Health Center and the Oepoi Public Health Center are all available or available. So the overall profile of vaccine storage at the Oepoi Public Health Center and Kupang City Public Health Center is well available</p> Jefrin Sambara Ni Nyoman Yuliani Maria Lenggu Yohana Ceme ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2018-06-04 2018-06-04 16 1 143 163 Screening Test penderita Malaria Dengan Gold Standar Uji Laboratorium Untuk Validasi Kasus Malaria Positif Di Wilayah Puskesmas Lewoleba Dan Puskesmas Waipukang Kabupaten Lembata, Propinsi Nusa Tenggara Timur Tahun 2016 http://jurnal.poltekeskupang.ac.id/index.php/infokes/article/view/182 <p>Lewoleba Public Health Center and Waipukang Public Health Center are included in several Public Health Centers in Lembata District which show the high rates of malaria based on microscopic diagnosis methods. To see if there is a decrease in malaria cases, it is necessary to do a positive rate slide check to calculate the number of malaria positive patients. In order for the results of the examination to be truly valid, effective and efficient, it is carried out by a screening method to obtain True Positive and True Negative numbers, so that the results can be used as a database at the Public Health Center. This study aims to get a real picture of positive malaria cases after treatment, eradication and prevention efforts carried out by the government and donor sector. This type of research is a study of Analytical Epidemiology with screening methods and using a cross-sectional study design. Screening results of malaria sufferers in the Lewoleba Public Health Center with a sample of 600 people: True positive = 29 people, True negative = 555 people, Sensitivity (Sens) = 82.85%, Specificity = 98.20%, prevalence = 6, 51%. Screening results of malaria sufferers in Waipukang Public Health Center with a sample of 574 people: True positive = 537 people, True negative = 10 people, Sensitivity (Sens) = 95.8%, Specificity = 71.4%, prevalence = 94, 25%. The number of positive malaria cases in the Lewoleba Public Health Center work area was 29 people, while the positive malaria case in the Waipukang Public Health Center work area was 537 people.</p> Ragu Harming Kristina ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2018-06-04 2018-06-04 16 1 164 177 Tracer Study Alumni Jurusan Kebidanan Poltekkes Kemenkes Kupang Tahun 2014 http://jurnal.poltekeskupang.ac.id/index.php/infokes/article/view/183 <p>In order to become a trendsetter in Midwifery education in Indonesia, the Midwifery Department of the Health Polytechnic MoH of Kupang constantly strives to improve the quality of graduates in order to have competencies that are reliable and professional in the field of midwifery. In line with the accreditation activities at the Midwifery Department that occur every 5 years, it is necessary to conduct a Tracer Study to identify related graduate competencies, the needs of the job market, and get an overview of the competencies needed by Midwifery graduates. This data is needed in order to improve the quality of learning and ultimately the quality of graduates. Through this Tracer Study, we want to know the opinions of stakeholders about the development of soft skills at the Midwifery Department. This Tracer Study focused on agency leadership on the competence of alumni of the Midwifery Department. Obtaining information about stakeholder perceptions of the competence of alumni of the Midwifery Department Health Polytechnic MoH of Kupang after entering the workforce in terms of aspects: integrity (ethics and morals), expertise based on science (professionalism, English language skills, communication skills, leadership/leadership, mastery of information technology, teamwork, self-development, overall quality assessment. Method: The method used is a survey method. Data obtained from questionnaires distributed to each health agency. Most stakeholders have a good perception (65.2%) of alumni in aspects assessed from 15 agencies, except in aspects of mastery of foreign languages / English which is still lacking. It is concluded that stakeholder assessment of the competence of alumni of the Midwifery Department Health Polytechnic MoH of Kupang is partly big has been able to meet the needs of stakeholders.</p> Bringiwatty Batbual Ignasensia Dua Mirong ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2018-06-04 2018-06-04 16 1 178 189 Uji Aktivitas Antibakteri Ekstrak Etanol Kulit Batang Delima (Punica granatum. L)Terhadap Bakteri Staphylococus aureus ATCC 6538 Tahun 2016 http://jurnal.poltekeskupang.ac.id/index.php/infokes/article/view/184 <p><strong>Background:</strong> Pomegranate bark (Punica granatum, L) contains ellagitannin, triterpenoid, alkaloids consisting of pelletierine, methylpelletieren, pseudopelletierine, flavonoids, and saponins. Substances that are able to inhibit bacterial growth are saponins and flavonoids.</p> <p><strong>Objective:</strong> to determine the antibacterial activity of ethanol extract of pomegranate bark (Punicagranatum, L) on the Staphylococcus aureus bacteria.</p> <p><strong>Method:</strong> The manufacture of pomegranate bark extract was carried out using the Soxlhetasi method, after extracting the antibacterial activity was carried out by using a cylinder diffusion method.</p> <p><strong>Result:</strong> Ethanol extract of pomegranate bark (Punica granatum, L) has antibacterial activity against Staphylococcus aureus bacteria at a concentration of 10% b / v, 25% b / v, 50% b / v and 75% b / v with each inhibition zone diameter -as equal to 18.70 mm, 21.00 mm, 22.30 mm and 26.20 mm. Stastically, ethanol extract of pomegranate bark (Punica granatum, L) has significant antibacterial power with p = 0.001 (p &lt;0.05).</p> <p><strong>Conclusion:</strong> Ethanol extract of pomegranate bark (Punica granatum, L) has antibacterial activity against Staphylococcus aureus bacteria with very strong concentration is a concentration of 25% b / v, 50% b / v and 75% b / v, because the inhibition zone is&gt; 20 mm.</p> Fatmawati Blegur Antonius Gelong ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2018-06-04 2018-06-04 16 1 190 196