Factors Associated with Providing the Basic Immunization to Infants

  • Iskandar Arfan Faculty of Public Health, Universitas Muhammadiyah Pontianak, Pontianak, West Kalimantan, Indonesia
  • Mardjan Mardjan Faculty of Public Health, Universitas Muhammadiyah Pontianak, Pontianak, West Kalimantan, Indonesia
  • Yulsi Testiani Faculty of Public Health, Universitas Muhammadiyah Pontianak, Pontianak, West Kalimantan, Indonesia
Keywords: Basic Immunization, Education

Abstract

Basic immunization is the first providing immunization to acquire the immune level on the verge of protection given to baby before one year which was aimed to get a full set of basic immunization for each baby with a good indicator that is full immunization (IDL). The indicator was influenced by several independent variables such as mother’s job status, education, knowledge, attitude, perception, and support from cadre and family. From total 89 villages in Lamandau district since 2015 to 2018, there were 82 villages of Universal Child Immunization (UCI) (92.1%) increased by 22.78% than 2016 is 69.32%. However, there was Drop Out (DO) of 2.83% from the village thathad not reached a full set of basic immunization of infants in Kujan Village. The objective of this study is to determine the factors associated with providing a full set of basic immunization of infants in Kujan village, Bulik district, Lamandau Regency, Central Kalimantan Province. The research employed cross sectional design. Data was collected from 80 mothers who had children aged 12-24 months during February 2020. The study samples was conducted with total sampling (80 respondents). The results of study used chi square test with levels of trust that is 95%. It showed a significant relationship between education by providing a full set of basic immunization of infants with p-value = 0.000. Meanwhile, employment status, knowledge, attitudes, family support, perceptions, support from cadres were not related to complete immunization. Therefore, based on the results of this study, it is suggested to the Lamandau Regency Government in the long term to improve the education of healthy mothers and also massive education related to the importance of immunization to increase the complete basic immunization coverage in Kujan Village.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Ahmad, N. A., Jahis, R., Kuay, L. K., Jamaluddin, R., & Aris, T. (2017). Primary immunization among children in malaysia: Reasons for incomplete vaccination. Journal of Vaccines & Vaccination, 8(3), 1-8. doi: https://doi.org/10.4172/2157-7560.1000358

Ahmad NA, Jahis R, Kuay LK, Jamaluddin R, Aris T (2017) Primary Immunization among Children in Malaysia: Reasons for Incomplete

Ahmad NA, Jahis R, Kuay LK, Jamaluddin R, Aris T (2017) Primary Immunization among Children in Malaysia: Reasons for Incomplete

Dinas Kesehatan Lamandau. (2018). Profil Dinas Kesehatan Lamandau Tahun 2018. Nanga Bulik: Dinas Kesehatan Lamandau.

Dinas Kesehatan Provinsi Kalimantan Tengah. (2016). Profil Dinas Kesehatan Provinsi Kalimantan Tengah Tahun 2016. Palangkaraya: Dinas Kesehatan Provinsi Kalimantan Tengah.

Dinas Kesehatan Provinsi Kalimantan Tengah. (2017). Profil Dinas Kesehatan Provinsi Kalimantan Tengah Tahun 2017. Palangkaraya: Dinas Kesehatan Provinsi Kalimantan Tengah.

Emilya, S., Lestari, Y., & Asterina, A. (2017). Hubungan Pengetahuan dan Sikap Ibu Balita terhadap Tindakan Imunisasi Dasar Lengkap di Kelurahan Lambung Bukit Kota Padang Tahun 2014. Jurnal Kesehatan Andalas, 6(2), 386-390. doi: https://doi.org/10.25077/jka.v6i2.709

Girmay, A., & Dadi, A. F. (2019). Full immunization coverage and associated factors among children aged 12-23 months in a hard-to-reach areas of Ethiopia. International journal of pediatrics, 2019, ID 1924941, 8 pages, doi: https://doi.org/10.1155/2019/1924941

Hafid, W., Martini, S., & Devy, S. R. (2016). Faktor determinan status imunisasi dasar lengkap pada bayi di Puskesmas Konang dan Geger. Jurnal Wiyata: Penelitian Sains dan Kesehatan, 3(1), 38-45.

Hudhah, M., & Hidajah, A. (2017). Perilaku Ibu Dalam Imunisasi Dasar Lengkap Di Puskesmas Gayam Kabupaten Sumenep. Jurnal Promkes: The Indonesian Journal of Health Promotion and Health Education, 5(2), 167-180. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.20473/jpk.V5.I2.2017.167-180

Kementerian Kesehatan, R. I. (2017). Data and Informasi: Profil Kesehatan Indonesia. Jakarta: Kementerian Kesehatan Republik Indonesia.

Maharani, A., & Kuroda, Y. (2018). Determinants of immunization status among 12-to 23-month-old children in Indonesia (2008–2013): a multilevel analysis. BMC Public Health, 18, (288), 1-11. doi: https://doi.org/10.1186/s12889-018-5193-3

Maiwada, A. A., Dahiru, S., & Onwuka, G. I. (2019). A Survey on Attitude of Mothers towards Immunization of Their Children in Nigeria (A Case Study of Zuru Metropolis). The International Journal of Engineering and Science (IJES), 8 (11) 31-38.

Meleko, A., Geremew, M., & Birhanu, F. (2017). Assessment of child immunization coverage and associated factors with full vaccination among children aged 12–23 months at Mizan Aman town, bench Maji zone, Southwest Ethiopia. International journal of pediatrics, 2017, ID 7976587, 11 pages. doi: https://doi.org/10.1155/2017/7976587

Noh, J. W., Kim, Y. M., Akram, N., Yoo, K. B., Park, J., Cheon, J., ... & Stekelenburg, J. (2018). Factors affecting complete and timely childhood immunization coverage in Sindh, Pakistan; A secondary analysis of cross-sectional survey data. PloS one, 13(10), e0206766. doi: https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0206766

Rahmawati, A., & Wahjuni, C. (2014). Factors Affecting Completeness Basic Immunization Village District of North Krembangan. Jurnal Berkala Epidemiologi, 2(1), 59-70. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.20473/jbe.V2I12014.59-70

Rahmi, N., & Husna, A. (2018). Faktor yang Mempengaruhi Kelengkapan Imunisasi Dasar pada Bayi di Wilayah Kerja Puskesmas Peukan Bada Kabupaten Aceh Besar. Journal of Healthcare Technology and Medicine, 4(2), 209-222. doi: https://doi.org/10.33143/jhtm.v4i2.222

Risnawati, D. (2014). Pengaruh Pengetahuan, Pendidikan, Pendapatan, dan Budaya Ibu Terhadap Kelengkapan Imunisasi Dasar Lengkap di Kelurahan Pacarkembang. Skripsi. Surabaya: Faculty of Public Health, Universitas Airlangga.

Ritonga, M., Syarifah, M. S., & Tukiman, M. K. M. (2015). Hubungan Antara Dukungan Keluarga Terhadap Kepatuhan Ibu Melaksanakan Imunisasi Dasar Pada Anak Di Desa Tigabolon Kecamatan Sidamanik Kabupaten Simalungun Tahun 2014. Kebijakan, Promosi Kesehatan dan Biostatistika, 1(2).

Saifuddin, A. (2013). Sikap manusia teori dan pengukurannya. Yogyakarta: Pustaka Pelajar Offset.

Sari, D. N. I., Basuki, S. W., Triastuti, N. J. (2016). Hubungan pengetahuan ibu tentang imunisasi dasar dengan kelengkapan imunisasi dasar bayi di wilayah kerja puskesmas bendo Kabupaten Magetan. Biomedika, 8 (2), 6-12, doi: https://doi.org/10.23917/biomedika.v8i2.2910

Septianingtyas, W. R., & Soesetijo, F. A., Yani, R. W. E. (2018). Pengaruh Dukungan Kader dalam Imunisasi Dasar Lengkap di wilayah kerja Puskesmas Jelbuk dan Klatakan, Kabupaten Jember. Multidisciplinary Journal, 1(1), 21-24. doi: https://doi.org/10.19184/multijournal.v1i1.8593

Suhaid, D. N., & Faranita, F. (2018). Factors Associated with Basic Immunization Status of Infants. SEAJOM: The Southeast Asia Journal of Midwifery, 4(1), 32-39. doi: https://doi.org/10.36749/seajom.v4i1.26

Triana, V. (2016). Faktor yang berhubungan dengan pemberian imunisasi dasar lengkap pada bayi tahun 2015. Jurnal kesehatan masyarakat Andalas, 10(2), 123-135. doi: https://doi.org/10.24893/jkma.v10i2.196

Published
2021-06-30
How to Cite
Arfan, I., Mardjan, M., & Testiani, Y. (2021). Factors Associated with Providing the Basic Immunization to Infants . JURNAL INFO KESEHATAN, 19(1), 38-46. https://doi.org/10.31965/infokes.Vol19.Iss1.471
Abstract viewed = 98 times
pdf downloaded = 59 times