Total Suspended Particulate and Impaired Lung Function at Operators of Public Fuel Filling Stations in Mamuju Regency

  • Haeranah Ahmad Department of Enviromental Health, Poltekkes Kemenkes Mamuju
  • Fajar Akbar Department of Enviromental Health, Poltekkes Kemenkes Mamuju
  • Askur Askur Department of Enviromental Health, Poltekkes Kemenkes Mamuju
Keywords: Gas Station Operator, Impaired Lung Function, Total Suspended Particulate

Abstract

The transportation sector plays a major role in air pollution in urban areas. Operators of Public Fuel Filling Stations are at risk of inhaling pollutants from motor vehicle emissions such as CO, NO, SO2 and dust particulates. The objective of this study is to determine the relationship of Total Suspended Particulate (TSP) to the occurrence of impaired lung function at SPBU operators. This type of research is observational with a cross sectional study design with sampling technique using total sampling on the entire population, which is performing lung function examinations on 34 operators at three gas stations in Mamuju Regency. Examination of lung function used spirometry while the measurement of total dust concentration used a High Volume Air Sampler (HVAS). Data analysis was performed using the Chi-square test. The results showed that there was no significant relationship between TSP levels and impaired pulmonary function. Even though TSP exposure levels did not have a significant relationship with lung pulmonary function, efforts to control dust exposure were still necessary because most respondents worked in a working environment with high TSP levels. The results of this study are expected to be a reference for the implementation of health and safety programs for workers and the implementation of working environment monitoring and occupational health surveillance.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Ahmad, H., & Wulandari, R. A. (2018). Environmental Factors and Lung Function Impairment among Household Industrial Workers of Stone-Carving Crafts at Maritengngae Subdistrict, Sidrap Regency 2016. KnE Life Sciences, 4(1), 103. doi: https://doi.org/10.18502/kls.v4i1.1371

Anderson, J. O., Thundiyil, J. G., & Stolbach, A. (2012). Clearing the Air: A Review of the Effects of Particulate Matter Air Pollution on Human Health. Journal of Medical Toxicology, 8(2), 166–175. doi: https://doi.org/10.1007/s13181-011-0203-1

Ardam, K. A. Y. (2015). Hubungan Paparan Debu dan Lama Paparan dengan Gangguan Faal Paru Pekerja Overhaul Power Plant. The Indonesian Journal of Occupational Safety and Health, 4(2), 155-166. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.20473/ijosh.v4i2.2015.155-166

Borm, P. J. A., Jetten, M., Hidayat, S., Van de Burgh, N., Leunissen, P., Kant, I., ... & Soeprapto, H. (2002). Respiratory Symptoms, Lung Function, and Nasal Cellularity in Indonesian Wood Workers: A Dose-Response Analysis. Occupational and Environmental Medicine, 59(5), 338-344. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/oem.59.5.338

Cui, Q., Carruthers, S., McIvor, A., Smaill, F., Thabane, L., & Smieja, M. (2010). Effect of smoking on lung function, respiratory symptoms and respiratory diseases amongst HIV-positive subjects: a cross-sectional study. AIDS research and therapy, 7(6), 1-10. doi: https://doi.org/10.1186/1742-6405-7-6

Du, Y., Xu, X., Chu, M., Guo, Y., & Wang, J. (2016). Air particulate matter and cardiovascular disease: The epidemiological, biomedical and clinical evidence. Journal of Thoracic Disease, 8(1), E8–E19. doi: https://doi.org/10.3978/j.issn.2072-1439.2015.11.37

Fernando, B., Supriyanto, A., & Suciyati, S. W. (2013). Realisasi Alat Ukur Konsentrasi Karbon Monoksida (CO) pada Gas Buang Kendaraan Bermotor Berbasis Sensor Gas TGS 2201 dan Mikrokontroler ATMega8535. Jurnal Teori dan Aplikasi Fisika, 1(1), 43–47.

Fishwick, D., Sen, D., Barber, C., Bradshaw, L., Robinson, E., Sumner, J., … Burge, S. (2015). Occupational chronic obstructive pulmonary disease: A standard of care. Occupational Medicine, 65(4), 270–282. doi: https://doi.org/10.1093/occmed/kqv019

Fitria, L. (2009). Program Langit Biru: Kontribusi Kebijakan Pengendalian Pencemaran Udara Kota terhadap Penurunan Penyakit Pernapasan pada Anak. Kesmas: National Public Health Journal, 4(3), 109-114. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.21109/kesmas.v4i3.182

Fordiastioko, D. (2002). Prevalensi Kelainan Foto Thorax dan Penurunan Faal Paru Pekerja di Lingkungan Kerja Pabrik Semen. Jurnal Respirologi Indonesia, 22(2).

Fortoul, I., T., Lemus, R., M., V., R.-L., Gutierrez, C., … Barenque. (2011). Air Pollution and Its Effects in the Respiratory System. The Impact of Air Pollution on Health, Economy, Environment and Agricultural Sources, (January 2014). doi: https://doi.org/10.5772/17766

Ganggut, M. C. N., Manafe, D. R. T., & Sasputra, I. N. (2018). Hubungan Lama Paparan Debu Asap Kendaraan Bermotor Dengan Kapasitas Vital Paru Pada Operator SPBU Kota Kupang. Cendana Medical Journal (CMJ), 15(3), 390-394.

Gauderman, W. J., Avol, E., Gilliland, F., Vora, H., Thomas, D., Berhane, K., ... & Margolis, H. (2004). The Effect of air Pollution on Lung Development from 10 to 18 Years of Age. New England Journal of Medicine, 351(11), 1057-1067. doi: https://doi.org/10.1056/NEJMoa040610

Ghorani-Azam, A., Riahi-Zanjani, B., & Balali-Mood, M. (2016). Effects of air pollution on human health and practical measures for prevention in Iran. Journal of research in medical sciences : the official journal of Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, 21, 65. doi: https://doi.org/10.4103/1735-1995.189646

Hulke, S. M., Patil, P. M., Thakare, A. E., & Vaidya, Y. P. (2012). Lung function test in petrol pump workers. National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology, 2(1), 71–75.

Janssens, J. P., Pache, J. C., & Nicod, L. P. (1999). Physiological Changes in Respiratory Function Associated With Ageing. European Respiratory Journal, 13(1), 197-205.

Kemenkes, R. I. (2013). Penyajian Pokok-Pokok Hasil Riset Kesehatan Dasar 2013. Jakarta: Badan Penelitian dan Pengembangan Kesehatan Kemenkes RI.

Kementerian Lingkungan Hidup. (2010). Peraturan Menteri Negara Lingkungan Hidup Nomor 12 Tahun 2010 Tentang Pelaksanaan Pengendalian Pencemaran Udara Di Daerah. Pelaksaan Pengedalian Pencemaran Udara Di Daerah Menteri Negara Lingkungan Hidup, 1–199. Retrieved from www.menlhk.go.id

Lagorio, S., Forastiere, F., Pistelli, R., Iavarone, I., Michelozzi, P., Fano, V., ... & Ostro, B. D. (2006). Air pollution and lung function among susceptible adult subjects: a panel study. Environmental Health, 5(11),1-12. doi: https://doi.org/10.1186/1476-069X-5-11

Manisalidis, I., Stavropoulou, E., Stavropoulos, A., & Bezirtzoglou, E. (2020). Environmental and Health Impacts of Air Pollution: A Review. Frontiers in Public Health, 8, 1–13. doi: https://doi.org/10.3389/fpubh.2020.00014

Mannucci, P. M., & Franchini, M. (2017). Health effects of ambient air pollution in developing countries. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 14(9), 1–8. doi: https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph14091048

Meo, S. A., Alrashed, A. H., Almana, A. A., Altheiban, Y. I., Aldosari, M. S., Almudarra, N. F., & Alwabel, S. A. (2015). Lung function and fractional exhaled nitric oxide among petroleum refinery workers. Journal of Occupational Medicine and Toxicology, 10(1), 1–5. doi: https://doi.org/10.1186/s12995-015-0080-7

Moeljosoedarmo S. (2008). Higiene Industri. Jakarta: Balai Penerbit FK UI.

Mohammed, A. M. F., & Saleh, I. A. (2020). A review of sulfur dioxide and particulate matter. International Journal of Biosensors & Bioelectronics, 6(3), 56–68.

Nakano, T., & Otsuki, T. (2013). Environmental air pollutants and the risk of cancer. Japanese Journal of Cancer and Chemotherapy, 40(11), 1441–1445.

Pershagen, G. (2012). Air pollution and cancer. IARC scientific publications.

Pamelia, I., & Airlangga, U. (2019). Gambaran faktor yang mempengaruhi ketidakpatuhan mneggunakan APD di SPBU “X” Surabaya. Journal of Industrial Hygiene and Occipational Health, 3(1), 120–131. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.21111/jihoh.v3i2.2736

Setiawan, I., & Hariyono, W. (2011). Hubungan Masa Kerja dengan Kapasitas Vital Paru Operator Empat Stasiun Pengisian Bahan Bakar Umum (SPBU) Kota Yogyakarta. Kes Mas: Jurnal Fakultas Kesehatan Masyarakat, 5(3).

Simanjuntak, M. L. (2015). Hubungan Antara Kadar Debu, Masa Kerja, Penggunaan Masker Dan Merokok Dengan Kejadian Pneumokoniosis Pada Pekerja Pengumpul Semen Di Unit Pengantongan Semen PT. Tonasa Line Kota Bitung. JIKMU, 5(5), 520–532.

Singhal, M., Khaliq, F., Singhal, S., & Tandon, O. P. (2007). Pulmonary functions in petrol pump workers: A preliminary study. Indian Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology, 51(3), 244–248.

Sirait, M. (2010). Hubungan karakteristik pekerja dengan faal paru di kilang padi di Kecamatan Porsea. FKM Universitas Sumatera Utara.

SNI-19-7119.6-2005. (2005). Emisi gas buang – Sumber tidak bergerak – Bagian 7: Cara uji kadar hidrogen sulfida (H 2 S) dengan metoda biru metilen menggunakan spektrofotometer. Jakarta: Badan Standar Nasional.

Soedomo, M. (2001). Kumpulan Karya Ilmiah Pencemaran Udara. Bandung: ITB Press.

Suma’mur, P. (2009). Higiene perusahaan dan kesehatan kerja (hiperkes). Jakarta: Sagang Seto.

Soeroso, N. N., Intan, T. K., & Ichwan, M. (2019). Factors associated decrease of forced vital capacity on gas station employees exposed to sulfur dioxide (SO2). IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science, 245(1). doi: https://doi.org/10.1088/1755-1315/245/1/012015

Susan Anenberg, G. W. U., Miller, M. I. S. of P. H. J., Daven, I. C. on C. T., & Henze. (2019). Fact Sheet : India Health Impacts of Air Pollution From Transportation Sources in Delhi, (June), 1–3.

Turner, M. C., Krewski, D., Chen, Y., Pope, C. A., Gapstur, S., & Thun, M. J. (2011). Radon and lung cancer in the American Cancer Society Cohort. Cancer Epidemiology Biomarkers and Prevention, 20(3), 438–448. doi: https://doi.org/10.1158/1055-9965.EPI-10-1153

Uzma, N., Salar, B. M. K. M., Santhosh Kumar, B., Aziz, N., David, M. A., & Reddy, V. D. (2008). Impact of Organic Solvents and Environmental Pollutants on The Physiological Function In Petrol Filling Workers. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 5(3), 139–146. doi: https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph5030139

Victoria, T. E. P. A. (2013). Discussion Paper – Review Of The Environment Protection ( Vehicle Emissions ) Regulations 2003, (November 2011), 1–11.

Wardhana, W. (2004). Dampak Pencemaran Lingkungan. Yogyakarta: Andi Offset.

WHO. (2014). Global Status Report on Noncommunicable Disease (pp. 9–10).Geneva: World Health Organization.

WHO. (2018). Ambient ( outdoor ) air pollution, (May 2018), 1–9. Geneva: World Health Organization.

Xue, Y., Cao, X., Ai, Y., Xu, K., & Zhang, Y. (2020). Primary air pollutants emissions variation characteristics and future control strategies for transportation sector in Beijing, China. Sustainability (Switzerland), 12(10). doi: https://doi.org/10.3390/su12104111

Published
2020-12-31
How to Cite
Ahmad, H., Akbar, F., & Askur, A. (2020). Total Suspended Particulate and Impaired Lung Function at Operators of Public Fuel Filling Stations in Mamuju Regency. JURNAL INFO KESEHATAN, 18(2), 137-148. https://doi.org/10.31965/infokes.Vol18.Iss2.304
Abstract viewed = 43 times
pdf downloaded = 17 times